Xenorhina oxycephala (Schlegel, 1858)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Asterophryinae > Genus: Xenorhina > Species: Xenorhina oxycephala

Bombinator oxycephalus Schlegel, 1858, Handl. Dierkd., 2: 58. Syntypes: Not stated, but RMNH 2280 (2 specimens) according to Gassó Miracle, van den Hoek Ostende, and Arntzen, 2007, Zootaxa, 1482: 31. Type locality: "Nieuw-Guinea"; refined by Zweifel, 1972, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 148: 536, to "Triton Bay, West Irian [Papua (New Guinea), Indonesia]".

Xenorhina oxycephalaPeters, 1863, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1863: 82; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 179; Zweifel, 1972, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 148: 536.

Xenorhina oxycephalusVan Kampen, 1915, Nova Guinea, 13: 54.

Xenorhina stresemanni Ahl, 1932, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17: 897. Holotype: ZMB unnumbered according to the original publication; ZMB 34108 according to Bauer, Günther, and Robeck, 1996, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 72: 267, who documented that earlier reports of its loss were in error. Type locality: "Jobi (Japen)"= Jobi Island, Indonesia. Provisional synonymy by Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 66; synonymy supported by Zweifel, 1972, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 148: 538.

Asterophrys oxycephalaParker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 67.

Asterophrys oxycephalaLoveridge, 1948, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 101: 419; Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 418. 

English Names

Schlegel's Snouted Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 93).

Distribution

Western Papua (Indonesia) and and north coast ranges of the north coast ranges of Papua (Indonesia) and Papua New Guinea.

Comment

The advertisement call was discussed by Allison and Kraus, 2000, Herpetologica, 56: 285–294. Menzies, 2006, Frogs New Guinea & Solomon Is.: provided a brief account.Günther, 2010, Vert. Zool., Dresden, 60: 217-224, provided molecular evidence that nominal Xenorhina oxycephala is a complex of species that forms a paraphyletic group with respect to Xenorhina arndti and Xenorhina varia.

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