Rhombophryne testudo Boettger, 1880

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Cophylinae > Genus: Rhombophryne > Species: Rhombophryne testudo

Rhombophryne testudo Boettger, 1880, Zool. Anz., 3: 568. Holotype: Only one specimen noted in original description, however several collections claim syntypes: SMF 1177.2a (originally 12 specimens under 1177) and MCZ 2163, 2236, 2731 (3 specimens), and 9317-18 (on exchange from SMF, according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 334; SMF 4241(formerly 1177.2a) designated lectotype by Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 51. (Presumably this is the holotype—DRF.). Type locality: "insula Nossi Bé", Madagascar.

English Names

Nosy Be Burrowing Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 92).


Nossi Bé and Nosy Komba and on mainland of northeastern Madagascar between Sambana and Andapa, 0-300 m elevation.

Geographics occurrence

Natural resident: Madagascar

Endemic to the political unit: Madagascar


Glaw and Vences, 2002, Herpetol. Rev., 33: 64, discussed erroneous records of this species. Andreone, Glaw, Nussbaum, Raxworthy, Vences, and Randrianirina, 2003, J. Nat. Hist., London, 37: 2119-2149, discussed the occurrence of this species on Nosy Be. See brief account by Glaw and Vences, 2007, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Madagascar, Ed. 3: 118-119. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 460. In the Rhombophryne testudo species group of Belluardo, Scherz, Santos, Andreone, Antonelli, Glaw, Muñoz-Pajares, Randrianirina, Raselimanana, Vences, and Crottini, 2022, Syst. Biodiversity, 20 (1: 2039320): 1–13. 

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