Rhombophryne testudo Boettger, 1880

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Cophylinae > Genus: Rhombophryne > Species: Rhombophryne testudo

Rhombophryne testudo Boettger, 1880, Zool. Anz., 3: 568. Holotype: Only one specimen noted in original description, however several collections claim syntypes: SMF 1177.2a (originally 12 specimens under 1177) and MCZ 2163, 2236, 2731 (3 specimens), and 9317–18 (on exchange from SMF, according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1929, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 69: 334; SMF 4241(formerly 1177.2a) designated lectotype by Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 51. (Presumably this is the holotype—DRF.). Type locality: "insula Nossi Bé", Madagascar.

English Names

Nosy Be Burrowing Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 92).


Nossi Bé and Nosy Komba and on mainland of northeastern Madagascar between Sambana and Andapa, 0-300 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Madagascar

Endemic: Madagascar


Glaw and Vences, 2002, Herpetol. Rev., 33: 64, discussed erroneous records of this species. Andreone, Glaw, Nussbaum, Raxworthy, Vences, and Randrianirina, 2003, J. Nat. Hist., London, 37: 2119–2149, discussed the occurrence of this species on Nosy Be. See brief account by Glaw and Vences, 2007, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Madagascar, Ed. 3: 118–119. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 460. In the Rhombophryne testudo species group of Belluardo, Scherz, Santos, Andreone, Antonelli, Glaw, Muñoz-Pajares, Randrianirina, Raselimanana, Vences, and Crottini, 2022, Syst. Biodiversity, 20 (1: 2039320): 1–13. 

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