Chiasmocleis carvalhoi (Nelson, 1975)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Gastrophryninae > Genus: Chiasmocleis > Species: Chiasmocleis carvalhoi

Syncope carvalhoi Nelson, 1975, J. Herpetol., 9: 81. Holotype: MZUSP 36429, by original designation. Type locality: "Rio Ampi-Yacú (=Amphiyacú), Estirón, Loreta [=Loreto], Peru". Secondary homonym of 

Chiasmocleis carvalhoi — Peloso, Sturaro, Forlani, Gaucher, Motta, and Wheeler, 2014, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 386: 20. 

Chiasmocleis (Syncope) carvalhoi — de Sá, Tonini, van Huss, Long, Cuddy, Forlani, Peloso, Zaher, and Haddad, 2018 "2019", Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 130: 207. 

English Names

Carvalho's Silent Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 93).


Region of Loreto, Peru, to nearby Amazonian Colombia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Peru


See Ruiz-Carranza, Ardila-Robayo, and Lynch, 1996, Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 20: 408, for Colombian record. Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 22: 76–77, provided a brief account, as Syncope carvalhoi, for the Iquitos region of northeastern Peru. Wogel, Abrunhosa, and Prado, 2004, Phyllomedusa, 3: 133–140, reported on the advertisement call. In the Chiasmocleis hudsoni clade of Peloso, Sturaro, Forlani, Gaucher, Motta, and Wheeler, 2014, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 386: 20, who (p. 42–44) provided a brief account. Rojas-Padilla, Gagliardi-Urrutia, Simões, and Castroviejo-Fisher, 2020, Zootaxa, 4869: 121–130, reported on the advertisement call in comparison to other species within the genus. Gagliardi-Urrutia, García Dávila, Jaramillo-Martinez, Rojas-Padilla, Rios-Alva, Aguilar-Manihuari, Pérez-Peña, Castroviejo-Fisher, Simões, Estivals, Guillen Huaman, Castro Ruiz, Angulo Chávez, Mariac, Duponchelle, and Renno, 2022, Anf. Loreto: 162–163, provided a brief account, photograph, dot map, and genetic barcode for Loreto, Peru. 

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