Elachistocleis panamensis (Dunn, Trapido, and Evans, 1948)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Gastrophryninae > Genus: Elachistocleis > Species: Elachistocleis panamensis

Chiasmocleis panamensis Dunn, Trapido, and Evans, 1948, Am. Mus. Novit., 1376: 1. Holotype: AMNH 52741, by original designation. Type locality: "Old Panama, Republic of Panama".

Elachistocleis panamensisde Sá, Streicher, Sekonyela, Forlani, Loader, Greenbaum, Richards, and Haddad, 2012, BMC Evol. Biol., 12(241): 1–21.

Engystoma panamense — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 216. 

English Names

Panama Humming Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 88).


Central Panama to Magdalena, Cundinamarca, and Chocó, in Colombia.


Distribution and biology discussed by Nelson, 1972, Copeia, 1972: 895–898. Vera Candioti, 2007, Zootaxa, 1600: 1–175, reported on detailed larval morphology (as Chiasmocleis panamensis). Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 276–281, provided a brief summary of natural history and range map and photograph for this species (as Chiasmocleis panamensis). Jowers, Othman, Borzée, Rivas-Fuenmayor, Sánchez-Ramírez, Auguste, Downie, Read, and Murphy, 2021, Organisms Divers. Evol., 21: 189–206, discussed the phylogenetics and biogeography of this species. 

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