Uperodon globulosus (Günther, 1864)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Microhylinae > Genus: Uperodon > Species: Uperodon globulosus

Cacopus globulosus Günther, 1864, Rept. Brit. India: 416. Syntypes: BMNH (2 specimens) according to Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 175; BMNH considered a syntype by Parker, 1934, Monogr. Frogs Fam. Microhylidae: 76; BMNH 1947.2.10.97 (1862.12.29.4) and 1947.2.10.77 (1861.12.29.3) noted as syntypes by museum records and Garg, Senevirathne, Wijayathilaka, Phuge, Deuti, Manamendra-Arachchi, Meegaskumbura, and Biju, 2018, Zootaxa, 4384: 20, who redescribed BMNH 1947.2.10.97. Type locality: "Russelconda (Madras Presidency)", Orissa, India.

Systoma globulosumCope, 1867, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 194.

Uperodon globulosumParker, 1931, Arch. Zool. Ital. Torino, 16: 1243.

Uperodon globulosusInger, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 391.

English Names

Indian Globular Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 93; Garg, Senevirathne, Wijayathilaka, Phuge, Deuti, Manamendra-Arachchi, Meegaskumbura, and Biju, 2018, Zootaxa, 4384: 20).

Balloon Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 102).

Indian Balloon Frog (Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 79; Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 34; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 59; Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 69; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 8).

Grey Balloon Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64).

Gray Balloon Frog (Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 33).

Greater Balloon Frog (Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 137).

Balloon Frog (Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 137).


Northern (Uttarhakand) and northeastern India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Orissa) to Gujarat and Telangana, southwestward to Madhya Pradesh to Karnataka, and Kerala, India, but seemingly absent from the Deccan region; Bangladesh (Dhaka Division, Khulna Division, Mymensingh Divison, and Rangpur Division); southwestern to eastern Nepal; western Myanmar (Chin, Sagaing) on the southeastern Bangladesh border; possibly into Bhutan. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal

Likely/Controversially Present: Bhutan


Dutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 57, rejected an early record for Sri Lanka as a misidentification. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 9, regarded the records of this taxon from the Western Ghats to apply to an undescribed species. See Choudhury, Hussain, Buruah, Saikia, and Sengupta, 2002, Hamadryad, 26: 277, for comment regarding range. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 46–49, provided a brief account. Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 195–198, provided an extensive account for Nepalese population. See account by Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 74–76. Sarkar, Biswas, and Ray, 1992, State Fauna Ser., 3: 74, provided a brief account for West Bengal, India. Srinivasulu, Siliwal, Rajesh, Venkateschwarulu, Siva Rama Krishna, Rao, and Rao, 2006, Hamadryad, 30: 197–199, reported the species from Andhra Pradesh, India. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 67–68, provided relevant literature and range. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 137–139, provided an account for peninsular India. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted several larval descriptions in the literature of varying completeness. Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 34, provided a brief account for northeastern India. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 69, provided a brief characterization and photograph. Mahony, Hasan, Kabir, Ahmed, and Hossain, 2009, Hamadryad, 34: 80–94, discussed the vouchered range in Bangladesh. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 39, for brief account for Nepal. Sarker, Howlader, and Kabir, 2012, Herpetol. Rev., 43: 301–302, provided a record from northern Bangladesh and commented on the range. Hasan, Rabbe, and Alam, 2017, Herpetol. Rev., 48: 808, reported the species from Kushtia Sadar, Khulna Division, Bangladesh, and discussed the range in that species. See account by Garg, Senevirathne, Wijayathilaka, Phuge, Deuti, Manamendra-Arachchi, Meegaskumbura, and Biju, 2018, Zootaxa, 4384: 1–88, who reported on adult and larval morphology, and phylogenetic position, as well as range. Rahman, Alam, and Rabbe, 2018, Check List, 14: 277–280, provided a record for Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh. Shalauddin, Hasan, and Rasel Mia, 2019, Herpetol. Rev., 50: 323, provided a record for the Khulna Divison, southwestern Bangladesh, and detailed the known range in that country. Deuti, Sethy, and Ray, 2014, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 114: 126, provided a  brief account for the population of the Eastern Ghats, India. Reported from extreme southwestern Nepal in the Shuklaphanta National Park by Rawat, Bhattarai, Poudyal, and Subedi, 2020, J. Threatened Taxa, 12: 11587. Sreekumar and Dinesh, 2020, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 120: 33–40, discussed the range in Maharashtra, India, in terms of agro-climatic zones. Prasad, Gautam, Gupta, Murthy, Ramesh, Shinde, and Das, 2020, Zootaxa, 4851: 450–476, reported on morphology for a population in the Panna Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh, central India. Curiously not included in the species list for Nepal by Khatiwada, Wang, Zhao, Xie, and Jiang, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 1–35. Gayen, Dey, and Roy, 2021, Zoos' Print J., 36: 33–39, reported a record from Durgapur Subdivision, West Bengal, India. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 33, briefly discussed identification, habitat, and range in Myanmar. Prasad, Chuang, Das, Ramesh, Yi, Dinesh, and Borzée, 2022, BMC Zool., 7 (27): 1–12, detailed the advertisement call in a population in Madhya Pradesh, central India. Srinivasulu and Kumar, 2022, J. Threatened Taxa, 14: 21268, reported the species from the state of Telangana, south-central India. Prasad, Verma, and Borzée, 2023, Herpetol. Rev., 54: 241, provided a record from Dehradun District, Uttarakhand, northern India.  

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