Scaphiophryne calcarata (Mocquard, 1895)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Scaphiophryninae > Genus: Scaphiophryne > Species: Scaphiophryne calcarata

Calophrynus calcaratus Mocquard, 1895, Bull. Soc. Philomath., Paris, Ser. 8, 7: 108. Syntypes: MNHNP 1895.294 (4 specimens), according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 47; MNHNP 1895.294 designated lectotype by Scherz, Schmidt, Crottini, Miralles, Rakotoarison, Raselimanana, Köhler, Glaw, and Vences, 2021, Zootaxa, 4938: 408, the other syntypes renumbered. Type locality: "Madagascar".

Pseudohemisus calcaratusNoble and Parker, 1926, Am. Mus. Novit., 232: 19.

Pseudohemisus longimanus Angel, 1930, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 2, 2: 72. Syntypes: MNHNP 1929.236–237, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 47. MNHNP 1929.237 designated lectotype by Scherz, Schmidt, Crottini, Miralles, Rakotoarison, Raselimanana, Köhler, Glaw, and Vences, 2021, Zootaxa, 4938: 409. Type locality: Ambongo [Madagascar]. Synonymy with Scaphiophryne calcarata by Blommers-Schlösser and Blanc, 1991, Faune de Madagascar, 75: 27,  although  Scherz, Schmidt, Crottini, Miralles, Rakotoarison, Raselimanana, Köhler, Glaw, and Vences, 2021, Zootaxa, 4938: 409, discussed the possibility that it is a synonym of Scaphiophryne brevis.

Scaphiophryne calcarataBlommers-Schlösser and Blanc, 1991, Faune de Madagascar, 75: 27.

Scaphiophryne (Pseudohemisus) calcarataGrosjean, Glos, Teschke, Glaw, and Vences, 2007, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 151: 572.

English Names

Mocquard's Rain Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 114).

Distribution

Southern and western Madagascar.

Comment

See brief accounts by Glaw and Vences, 2007, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Madagascar, Ed. 3: 110, who suggested that this nominal taxon contained several distinct species. Scherz, Schmidt, Crottini, Miralles, Rakotoarison, Raselimanana, Köhler, Glaw, and Vences, 2021, Zootaxa, 4938: 392–420, provided a description of the advertisement call as part of revisionary work of the entire genus, including detailed discussion of synonyms and their assignments. 

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