Scaphiophryne obscura (Grandidier, 1872)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Microhylidae > Subfamily: Scaphiophryninae > Genus: Scaphiophryne > Species: Scaphiophryne obscura

Hemisus obscurus Grandidier, 1872, Ann. Sci. Nat., Paris, Ser. 5, 15: 11. Syntypes: MNHNP 1895.280 (4 specimens), according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 47; MNHNP 1895.280 (others tagged as A and B, with the fourth lost) designated lectotype by Scherz, Schmidt, Crottini, Miralles, Rakotoarison, Raselimanana, Köhler, Glaw, and Vences, 2021, Zootaxa, 4938: 405. Type locality: "Côte N.O. [northwest] de Madagascar".

Pseudohemisus obscurus — Mocquard, 1895, Bull. Soc. Philomath., Paris, Ser. 8, 7: 108; Noble and Parker, 1926, Am. Mus. Novit., 232: 19.

Pseudohemisus longimanus var. melanopleura Angel, 1934, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 59: 171. Syntypes: MNHNP 1953.148-149 (2 specimens), by original designation and according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 47. MNHNP 1933.149 designated lectotype by Scherz, Schmidt, Crottini, Miralles, Rakotoarison, Raselimanana, Köhler, Glaw, and Vences, 2021, Zootaxa, 4938: 410. Type locality: "Antsingy, province du Manabé, alt. 300 mètres (Ouest de Madagascar)". Synonymy by Scherz, Schmidt, Crottini, Miralles, Rakotoarison, Raselimanana, Köhler, Glaw, and Vences, 2021, Zootaxa, 4938: 411.

Pseudohemisus granulosus Guibé, 1952, Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Ser. A, 7: 109. Holotype: MNHNP 1953.238, by original designation. Type locality: "Grotte d'Andranoboka", Bay Mahajamba, north of Majunga, western Madagascar. Synonymy with Scaphiophryne calcarata by Blommers-Schlösser and Blanc, 1991, Faune de Madagascar, 75: 27. Synonymy with Scaphiophryne obscura by Scherz, Schmidt, Crottini, Miralles, Rakotoarison, Raselimanana, Köhler, Glaw, and Vences, 2021, Zootaxa, 4938: 411.

Scaphiophryne (Pseudohemisus) obscura — Scherz, Schmidt, Crottini, Miralles, Rakotoarison, Raselimanana, Köhler, Glaw, and Vences, 2021, Zootaxa, 4938: 406. 

English Names

Grandidier's Rain Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 114).

Distribution

Western and northwestern Madagascar. 

Comment

 Guibé, 1978, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 11: 110, and Blommers-Schlösser and Blanc, 1991, Faune de Madagascar, 75: 34, considered the status of this species dubious. Scherz, Schmidt, Crottini, Miralles, Rakotoarison, Raselimanana, Köhler, Glaw, and Vences, 2021, Zootaxa, 4938: 392–420, pictured the lectotype, discussed the systematics, advertisement call, and morphology, placing this species in their Scaphiophryne calcarata complex, also noting that two lineages (a western and a northwestern one of which the lectotype is from the northwestern lineage). 

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