Proceratophrys cristiceps (Müller, 1883)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Odontophrynidae > Genus: Proceratophrys > Species: Proceratophrys cristiceps

English Names

Muller's Smooth Horned Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 84).


Eastern coastal region of northeastern Brazil, from the states of Rio Grande do Norte to Bahia, with a southern limit near Todos os Santos Bay.


Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 92, included Proceratophrys goyana as a synonym but provided no evidence to support this view. U. Caramaschi In Cannatella, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 339, noted that this putative synonymy would be in error, as the species are quite distinctive. See account (as Ceratophrys cristiceps) by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 228-230. Nunes and Juncá, 2006, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 64: 151–157,  reported on the advertisement call. Vieira, Vieira, and Santana, 2007, Zootaxa, 1397: 17-24, discussed comparative tadpole morphology. Vieira, Arzabe, Hernández, and Vieira, 2008, PLoS One, 3(12: e3934):  1–9, reported on intrapopulational morphometrics. Cruz, Nunes, and Juncá, 2012, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 7: 110-122, reviewed the species and redelimited the range. Dias, Carvalho-e-Silva, and Carvalho-e-Silva, 2013, Zootaxa, 3683: 427–438, reported on the morphology of the larval chondrocranium. Dubeux, Silva, Nascimento, Gonçalves, and Mott, 2019, Rev. Nordestina Zool., 12: 18–52, summarized the literature on larval morphology. See Dubeux, Nascimento, Lima, Magalhães, Silva, Gonçalves, Almeida, Correia, Garda, Mesquita, Rossa-Feres, and Mott, 2020, Biota Neotrop., 20 (2: e20180718): 1–24, for characterization and identification of larvae north of the Rio São Francisco in the Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil.   

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