Proceratophrys melanopogon (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Odontophrynidae > Genus: Proceratophrys > Species: Proceratophrys melanopogon

Stombus melanopogon Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 27: 125–126. Holotype: MNRJ 294, according to Miranda-Ribeiro, 1955, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 42: 408. Type locality: "Alto da Serra, (S[ão] Paulo)", Brazil. Rendered as "Paranapiacaba (= Alto da Serra), São Paulo", Brazil by Bokermann, 1966, Lista Anot. Local. Tipo Anf. Brasil.: 92.

Proceratophrys melanopogonHeyer, Rand, Cruz, Peixoto, and Nelson, 1990, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 31: 318.

English Names

None noted.


Serra do Mar range in south, central, and northern portions of the State of Rio de Janeiro and east of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil

Endemic: Brazil


Removed from the synonymy of Proceratophrys appendiculata by Heyer, Rand, Cruz, Peixoto, and Nelson, 1990, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 31: 318, where is had been placed by Izecksohn and Peixoto, 1981, Rev. Brasil. Biol., 41: 19–24. See Izecksohn, Cruz, and Peixoto, 1999 "1998", Rev. Univ. Rural, Ser. Cienc. Vida, 20: 37–54, for discussion. Records for Minas Gerais provided by Feio, Cruz, and Izecksohn, 2003, Herpetol. Rev., 34: 162–163 (presumably now assigned to Proceratophrys mantiqueira). See account by Prado and Pombal, 2008, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 39: 43–47 (in the sense of including species named in 2014). Mângia, Santana, and Feio, 2010, S. Am. J. Herpetol., 5: 127–131, reported on the advertisement call. Cruz, Feio, and Caramaschi, 2009, Anf. Ibitipoca: 74–75, provided photographs and a brief account for Parque Estadual do Ibitipoca, Minas Gerais, Brazil (presumably now assignable to Proceratophrys mantiqueira). Provete, Ouchi-Melo, Garey, Gomes, Martins, and Rossa-Feres, 2013, Herpetologica, 69: 163–174, reported on larval morphology. Dias, Amaro, Carvalho-e-Silva, and Rodrigues, 2013, Zootaxa, 3682: 293, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that this binominal may represent more than one species. Mângia, Santana, Cruz, and Feio, 2014, Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, N.S., Zool., 531: 1–33, named four new species previously confused with Proceratophrys melanopogon (Proceratophrys mantiqueira, Proceratophrys gladius, Proceratophrys pombali, and Proceratophrys itamari), and redelimited Proceratophrys melanopogon

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