Pelobates varaldii Pasteur and Bons, 1959

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Pelobatidae > Genus: Pelobates > Species: Pelobates varaldii

Pelobates varaldii Pasteur and Bons, 1959, Trav. Inst. Scient. Chérifien, Rabat, Ser. Zool., 17: 117. Holotype: MNHNP-RA-1959.1, by museum records. Type locality: "Merja Samora", Morocco.

English Names

Moroccan Spadefoot Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 96).

Moroccan Spadefoot (Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 55). 


Plains of northwestern Morocco from just south of the Tangier airport, east to Khemisset and south to the coastal marshes of Oualida, below 350 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Morocco

Endemic: Morocco


See Busack, Maxson, and Wilson, 1985, Copeia, 1985: 107–112, for evidence of distinctiveness from Pelobates cultripes. See Salvador, 1996, Smithson. Herpetol. Inform. Serv., 109, for account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 467. Lapeña, Barbadillo-Escrivá, and Martínez-Solano, 2011, Herpetol. Rev., 42: 107, provided the northern record in Morocco. de Pous, Beukema, Dingemans, Donaire, Géniez, and El Mouden, 2012, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 26: 57–71, discussed distrubtion, habitat, and conservation. Reques, Pleguezuelos, Busack, and de Pous, 2013, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 27: 23–50, discussed the range and conservation status in Morocco. Beukema, de Pous, Donaire-Barroso, Bogaerts, Garcia-Porta, Escoriza, Arribas, El Mouden, and Carranza, 2013, Zootaxa, 3661: 46–49, provided an account for Morocco. Mediani, Brito, and Fahd, 2015, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 29: 81–107, provided a dot map for northern Morocco. See detailed account by Escoriza and Ben Hassine, 2019, Amph. N. Afr.: 203–209. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 384–385, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 55, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph.  

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