Pelobates Wagler, 1830

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Pelobatidae > Genus: Pelobates
6 species

Pelobates Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 206. Type species: Bufo fuscus Laurenti, 1768, by monotypy.

Cultripes Müller, 1832, Isis von Oken, 25: 538. Type species: Cultripes cultripes Müller, 1832, by tautonomy and subsequent designation of Leunis, 1844, Synops. Drei Naturr., Zool., Ed. 1: 146. Synonymy by Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 6: 475; Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 40; Schreiber, 1875, Herpetol. Eur.: 87; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 437. (Recognized by Hoffmann, 1878, in Bronn (ed.), Die Klassen und Ordnungen des Thier-Reichs, 6(2): 600.)

Didocus Cope, 1866, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 6: 81. Type species: Rana calcaratus Michahelles, 1830, by original designation. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 437.

Pseudopelobates Pasteur, 1958, C. R. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci., Paris, 247: 1037. Type species: Pelobates transcaucasicus Delwig, 1928 (= Pelobates syriacus Boettger, 1889), by original designation and monotypy. Synonymy by Kluge, 1966, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 113: 1-26.

English Names

European Spadefoot Toads (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 96).


Europe, western Asia, and northwestern Africa.


See comment under ScaphiopusDufresnes, Strachinis, Tzoras, Litvinchuk, and Denoël, 2019, ZooKeys, 859: 131–158, provided a phylogenetic study as well as discussions of morphological and molecular divergence, an identification key, and range maps. Dufresnes, Strachinis, Suriadna, Mykytynets, Cogǎlniceanu, Székely, Vukov, Arntzen, Wielstra, Lymberakis, Geffen, Gafny, Kumlutaş, Ilgaz, Candan, Mizsei, Szabolcs, Kolenda, Smirnov, Géniez, Lukanov, Crochet, Dubey, Perrin, Litvinchuk, and Denoël, 2019, Mol. Ecol., 28: 3257–3270, reported on hybrid zones and the evolution of reproductive isolation within the genus. 

Contained taxa (6 sp.):

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