Cacosterninae Noble, 1931

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Pyxicephalidae > Subfamily: Cacosterninae
76 species

Cacosterninae Noble, 1931, Biol. Amph.: 540. Type genus: Cacosternum Boulenger, 1887. Given precedence over Hemimantidae Hoffmann, 1878, and placed on the Official List of Family-Group Names in Zoology, by Anon., 1999, Opinion 1921, Anonymous, 1999, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 56: 96–100. Junior subjective synonym of Phynobatrachinae by action of First Revisor, Dubois, 1994, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 51: 240–246.

Tomopternini Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 56. Type genus: Tomopterna Duméril and Bibron, 1841. Synonymy by Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 240.

TomopterninaeDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 336.

Cacosternidae — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 232.

Anhydrophryninae Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 232. Type genus: Anhydrophryne Hewitt, 1919. 

Cacosternini — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 233. Tribe. 

Cacoternina — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 233. Subtribe. 

Poyntoniina Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 233. Type genus: Poyntonia Channing and Boycott, 1989. Subtribe. 

Natalobatrachini Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 233. Type genus: Natalobatrachus Hewitt, 1912. 

Strongylopini — Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 234. Tribe.

English Names

None noted.


Subsaharan Africa.

Geographics occurrence

Natural resident: Angola, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Congo, Republic of the, Egypt, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Saint Helena, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe


Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543–583, provided a tree of exemplars that confirmed much of earlier work although suggesting polyphyly of Strongylopus (see comments under Amietia and Strongylopus grayii).

Contained taxa (76 sp.):

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.