Tomopterna kachowskii (Nikolskii, 1900)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Pyxicephalidae > Subfamily: Cacosterninae > Genus: Tomopterna > Species: Tomopterna kachowskii

Chiromantis kachowskii Nikolskii, 1900, Annu. Mus. Zool. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg, 5: 246. Syntypes: ZISP 2077.1-2, by original designation. Type locality: "Ferad in Abyssinia". Rendered as Ferad, Ethiopia, at approximately 10 49 N, 42 42 E) by Largen and Borkin, 2000, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 57: 32, who also made the synonymy with Rana cryptotis.

Rana (Tomopterna) hieroglyphica Ahl, 1927 "1925", Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1925: 42. Holotype: ZMB, unnumbered in original publication. Type locality: "So-Omadu", Ethiopia. Synonymy with Rana delalandii by Parker, 1932, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1932: 34. Synonymy with Tomopterna cryptotis by Lanza, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 168; synonymy with Tomopterna kachowskii by Zimkus and Larson, 2011, Zootaxa, 2933: 35.

Tomopterna hieroglyphica — Deckert, 1938, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1938: 142.

Tomopterna kachowskiiZimkus and Larson, 2011, Zootaxa, 2933: 27.

English Names

Kachowski's Sand Frog (Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 380).


Central Ethiopia into Eritrea, Somalia, and South Sudan, and towards and probably extending into Djibouti. 


Resurrected from the synonymy of Tomopterna cryptotis by Zimkus and Larson, 2011, Zootaxa, 2933: 27–45, where it had been placed by Largen and Borkin, 2000, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 57: 32. Whenever Chiromantis kachowskii and Rana cryptotis compete for seniority, priority is given to Rana cryptotis Boulenger, 1907, by Opinion 1983, Anonymous, 2001, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 58: 243–244. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 329–330, provided an account as Tomopterna cryptotis for East Africa, which presumably would now be assigned to either Tomopterna gallmanni or Tomopterna wambensis.  See account, photograph, and map for Ethiopia by Largen and Spawls, 2010, Amph. Rept. Ethiopia Eritrea: 194–196 (as Tompterna cryptotis). Freilich, Anadón, Bukala, Calderon, Chakraborty, and Boissinot, 2016, BMC Evol. Biol., 16 (206): 1–19, reported on the molecular phylogeography in Ethiopia. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 380–381, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.

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