Amnirana albolabris (Hallowell, 1856)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Amnirana > Species: Amnirana albolabris

Rana albolabris Hallowell, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 8: 153. Syntypes: ANSP (4 specimens), by original designation; lost according to Perret, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species WorldJ: 479. Type locality: "West Africa"; restricted to "Gabon" by Perret, 1977, Rev. Suisse Zool., 84: 843; Jongsma, Barej, Barratt, Burger, Conradie, Ernst, Greenbaum, Hirschfeld, Leaché, Penner, Portik, Zassi-Boulou, Rödel, and Blackburn, 2018, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 120: 281, argued on the basis of collection records that the correct type locality is "north of the Ogooué River in Gabon". 

Hylarana albolabrisGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 73.

Limnodytes albolabrisDuméril, 1859, Arch. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, 10: 226; Peters, 1876, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1876: 120; Vaillant, 1884, Bull. Soc. Philomath., Paris, Ser. 7, 8: 171.

Hylorana albolabrisKnauer, 1878, Naturgesch. Lurche: 112.

Rana albilabrisBoulenger, 1906, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 17: 323. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Rana albolabrisWerner, 1908 "1907", Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Phys. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 116: 1897.

Rana (Hylorana) albolabrisChabanaud, 1921, Bull. Com. Études Hist. Scient. Afr. Occid. Franç., 1921: 450.

Rana albolabris albolabrisMertens, 1938, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 442: 13; Loveridge, 1938, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 17: 71.

Rana (Hylarana) albolabris albolabrisDe Witte, 1941, Explor. Parc Natl. Albert, Miss. G.F. de Witte (1933–1935), 33: 50; Perret and Mertens, 1957, Bull. Inst. Franç. Afr. Noire, Ser. A, 19: 566.

Hylarana albolabris albolabrisLaurent, 1954, Publ. Cult. Companhia Diamantes Angola, 23: 134 (15 of preprint); De Witte, 1952, Result. Sci., Explor. Hydrobiol. Lac Tanganyika (1946–47), 3: 7; Laurent, 1954, Publ. Cult. Companhia Diamantes Angola, 23: 74; Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 351.

Hylarana acutirostris longipes Perret, 1960, Bull. Soc. Neuchatel. Sci. Nat., 83: 97. Holotype: MHNG 986.24, by original designation. Type locality: "l'Ouest camerounais (Bamiléké) . .. . Bangwa". Secondary homonym in Rana of Hylorana longipes Fischer, 1885, Rana fusca var. longipes Müller, 1885, and Rana longipes Hallowell, 1859. Synonymy by Jongsma, Barej, Barratt, Burger, Conradie, Ernst, Greenbaum, Hirschfeld, Leaché, Penner, Portik, Zassi-Boulou, Rödel, and Blackburn, 2018, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 120: 281.  

Hylarana parkeriana longipes — Perret, 1961, Bull. Soc. Neuchatel. Sci. Nat., 84: 138; Perret, 1966, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 93: 350.

Hylarana longipes — Joger, 1982, Bonn. Zool. Beitr., 33: 318; Schätti, Perret, and Mariaux, 2002, Cat. Comm. Types Amph. Rept. Mus. Hist. Nat. Geneve, Vers. 4.0 (Jan. 2002): 8.

Rana longipes — Perret, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 501.

Rana (Hylarana) longipes — Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 42, by implication.

Rana (Amnirana) longipes — Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 324.

Rana (Amnirana) albolabrisDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 324.

Amnirana albolabrisChanning, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 266, by implication; Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 33; Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 187. 

Amnirana longipes — Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 266, by implication; Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 33. See comment under Ranidae record.

Hydrophylax longipes — Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 368.

Hydrophylax albolabrisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 368.

Hylarana albolabrisChe, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1–13, by implication.

Hylarana longipes — Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1–13, by implication.

Amnirana longipes — Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 187 (provisional placement). 

English Names

White-lipped Frog (Broadley, 1971, Puku, 6: 114; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 106; Lötters, Wagner, Bwong, Schick, Malonza, Muchai, Wasonga, and Veith, 2007, Fieldguide Amph. Rept. Kakamega Forest: 18).

Forest White-lipped Frog (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 255).

Bamileke Plateau Frog (Amnirana longipes [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 108).

Long-footed White-lipped Frog (Amnirana longipes [no longer recognized]): Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 392). 

Distribution

Forested West Africa west of Benin including southern Burkina Faso (see comment); forested West and Central Africa from coastal eastern Nigeria, southern 2/3s of Cameroon south through Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and Rep. Congo and Dem. Rep. Congo south to northern Angola; east through southern Central African Republic and central and northern Dem. Rep. Congo to Uganda, southwestern Kenya, Rwanda, and Burundi. See comment. 

Comment

In the Rana (Amnirana) albolabris group of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 324. Perret, 1977, Rev. Suisse Zool., 84: 846–850, reviewed the species as Hylarana albolabris. De la Riva, 1994, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 8: 134–135, provided a record for Equatorial Guinea. Frétey and Blanc, 2002 "2001", Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 126: 385, reported this species from Gabon. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 255–256, and Pickersgill, 2007, Frog Search: 85–86, provided accounts (as Amnirana albolabris). Lasso, Rial, Castroviejo, and De la Riva, 2002, Graellsia, 58: 21–34, provided notes (as Amnirana albolabris) on ecological distribution in Equatorial Guinea. Schiøtz, 1963, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 125: 29–30, provided records for Nigeria. Jackson and Blackburn, 2007, Salamandra, 43: 149–164, provided a record for Nouabale-Ndoki National Park, Rep. Congo. Lötters, Wagner, Bwong, Schick, Malonza, Muchai, Wasonga, and Veith, 2007, Fieldguide Amph. Rept. Kakamega Forest: 18–20, provided an account. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 361–362, provided information on comparative larval morphology. Reviewed as Hylarana longipes by Perret, 1977, Rev. Suisse Zool., 84: 850–853. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Amnirana longipes) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 475. Nagy, Kusamba, Collet, and Gvoždík, 2013, Herpetol. Notes, 6:  413–419, provided a record from Bas-Congo, southwestern Dem. Rep. Congo. Jongsma, Barej, Barratt, Burger, Conradie, Ernst, Greenbaum, Hirschfeld, Leaché, Penner, Portik, Zassi-Boulou, Rödel, and Blackburn, 2018, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 120: 274–285, discussed the molecular phylogenetics of the nominal species, suggesting that the population west of Benin constitutes an unnamed species, more closely related to Amnirana fonensis, and that nominal Amnirana albolabris is composed of up to four species, although the authors chose to wait on additional evidence before applying available names. Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn, and Bauer, 2018, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 65 (Suppl. II): 158, provided a map for Angola and brief discussion of the literature. Dewynter and Frétey, 2019, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 27: 40, summarized the literature for Gabon and provided photographs (p. 66). Rödel and Glos, 2019, Zoosyst. Evol., 95: 27, reported Amnirana 'albolabris-West" from the Krahn-Bassa Proposed Protected Area in southeastern Liberia and the Foya Proposed Protected Area in western Liberia, and commented on identification and habitat preference. Spawls, Wasonga, and Drewes, 2019, Amph. Kenya: 48, provided a photograph, range map, and brief characterization. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 390–391, provided brief accounts, photographs, and range maps for nominal Amnirana albolabris, but also for Amnirana sp. 'albolabris West' (their West African White-lipped Frog) for the west-of-Benin population. On pp. 392–393, these authors provided an account for nominal Amnirana longipes. See brief account, photographs, and range map for Equatorial Guinea in Sánchez-Vialas, Calvo-Revuelta, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2020, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 66: 137–230, who noted that Equatorial Guinea contained at least two lineages under this name. Ernst, Lautenschläger, Branquima, and Hölting, 2020, Zoosyst. Evol., 96: 256, noted the presence in Uigé Province, northwestern Angola. Ayoro, Segniagbeto, Hema, Penner, Oueda, Dubois, Rödel, Kabré, and Ohler, 2020, Zoosystema, 42: 547–582, discussed records, identification, and habitat in Burkina Faso.  

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