Amnirana occidentalis (Perret, 1960)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Amnirana > Species: Amnirana occidentalis

Hylarana lepus occidentalis Perret, 1960, Bull. Soc. Neuchatel. Sci. Nat., 83: 98. Syntypes: MNHNP; MNHNP 1970.901 designated lectotype by Perret, 1983, Bull. Soc. Neuchatel. Sci. Nat., 106: 109-113. Type locality: "Guineé"; corrected to "Mont Nimba, Côte d'Ivoire, forêt Bié et Gouéla" by Perret, 1977, Rev. Suisse Zool., 84: 844.

Hylarana occidentalisPerret, 1977, Rev. Suisse Zool., 84: 844.

Rana occidentalisPerret, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 507.

Rana (Hylarana) occidentalisDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 42, by implication.

Rana (Amnirana) occidentalisDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 324.

Amnirana occidentalisChanning, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 266, by implication; Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 33; Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 187 (provisional arrangement). 

Hydrophylax occidentalisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 368.

Hylarana occidentalisChe, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1–13, by implication; Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 461, by implication.

English Names

Ivory Coast Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 108).

Western White-lipped Frog (Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 388).


Primary lowland forests of eastern Sierra Leone, southeastern Guinea, northern and western Liberia, southwestern and southeastern Ivory Coast; isolated population in southwestern Ghana.


In the Rana (Amnirana) albolabris group of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 324. See Perret, 1977, Rev. Suisse Zool., 84: 844. Discussed, redefined, and compared with Rana lepus (as Hylarana lepus) by Perret, 1983, Bull. Soc. Neuchatel. Sci. Nat., 106: 109-113. Rödel and Branch, 2002, Salamandra, 38: 251, reported the species in Ivory Coast, and provided some brief comments. See brief comments by Rödel, Bangoura, and Böhme, 2004, Herpetozoa, Wien, 17: 107, regarding range and natural history. Rödel, Gil, Agyei, Leaché, Diaz, Fujita, and Ernst, 2005, Salamandra, 41: 114, provided a record for southwestern Ghana. Segniagbeto, Bowessidjaou, Dubois, and Ohler, 2007, Alytes, 24: 72–90, considered the presence of this species in Togo to be doubtful. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Amnirana occidentalis) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 475, who noted that records from Nigeria require confirmation. Kouamé, Konan, Adepo-Gourène, Gourène, and Rödel, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 657–665, provided a record for southeastern Ivory Coast. Rödel and Glos, 2019, Zoosyst. Evol., 95: 26, reported this species from  Foya Proposed Protected Area in western Liberia, and commented on habitat preference. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 388–389, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

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