Chalcorana chalconota (Schlegel, 1837)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Chalcorana > Species: Chalcorana chalconota

Hyla chalconotus Schlegel, 1837, Abbild. Neuer Unvollst. Amph., 1: 23. Schlegel, 1840, Abbild. Neuer Unvollst. Amph., Atlas: pl. 9, fig. 1. Type(s): Not stated, but animal figured in plate 9, fig. 1 is clearly one of these; including RMNH 5364 and 4264 (4 specimens), according to Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 156, and Gassó Miracle, van den Hoek Ostende, and Arntzen, 2007, Zootaxa, 1482: 43; ZMB 4462 (2 specimens from Java), according to Bauer, 2016, in Das and Tuen (eds.), Nat. Explor. Field Sci. SE Asia Australasia: 93; BMNH specimen received on exchange from RMNH should be evaluated as to its possible status as a primary type (DRF). Type localities: "Innern der Insel Java" (figured specimens) and "Sumatra", Indonesia.

Polypedates chalconotusTschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 34, 76.

Limnodytes chalconotusDuméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 513; Peters and Doria, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, 13: 420.

Polypedates junghunii Bleeker, 1856, Natuurkd. Tijdschr. Nederl. Indie, 11: 469. Syntypes: Including RMNH 3962 according to Gassó Miracle, van den Hoek Ostende, and Arntzen, 2007, Zootaxa, 1482: 53. Inger, Stuart, and Iskandar, 2009, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 155: 130, reported RMNH 4264 and 5364 as likely types. Type locality: "Java". Synonymy by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 201; Van Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 217; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 366. See Wolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 178, for discussion of the status of this name who associated it with Polypedates leucomystax. Considered a nomen dubium by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 73.

Hylarana chalconotaGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 73.

Rana chalconotaBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 66.

Rana (Hylorana) chalconotaBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 127, 201.

Rana (Hylarana) chalconotaVan Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 217; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 366; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 42; by implication.

Hylorana chalconotaDeckert, 1938, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1938: 144.

Rana chalconota chalconotaInger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 177, by implication.

Rana (Chalcorana) chalconotaDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 328.

Hydrophylax chalconotaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 368.

Hylarana chalconotaChe, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1-13, by implication.

Chalcorana chalconotaFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 32. See comment under Ranidae record.

Chalcorana chalconota — Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 187. 

English Names

Schlegel's Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 106).

White-lipped Frog (Lim and Lim, 1992, Guide Amph. Rept. Singapore: 30; Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 66).

Copper-cheeked Frog (Kiew, 1987, Malayan Nat. J., 41: 417; Lim and Lim, 1992, Guide Amph. Rept. Singapore: 30; Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 66; Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 65).

Brown Stream Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 118).

Distribution

Known definitely only from Java and southern Sumatra, Indonesia (see comment), although likely to be somewhat more widely distributed; possibly Bali. See comment regarding Myanmar.

Comment

Confused in the literature with Hylarana raniceps. See comment under Hylarana raniceps. See accounts by Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 66-67. Lim and Lim, 1992, Guide Amph. Rept. Singapore: 30-31, provide a brief account and photograph. Stuart, Inger, and Voris, 2006, Biol. Lett., 2: 470-474, noted that on the basis of molecular data, this nominal species is likely composed of several cryptic species. McKay, 2006, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Bali: 38-39, provided a brief account and photograph. Inger, Stuart, and Iskandar, 2009, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 155: 123-147, provided a revised diagnosis and redelimited the species' range. Wogan, Vindum, Wilkinson, Koo, Slowinski, Win, Thin, Kyi, Oo, Lwin, and Shein, 2008, Hamadryad, 33: 86, provided a record for Tanintharyi Division, peninsular Myanmar, but its isolation from other records requires caution in assuming this range among so many similar species. See brief account by Amin, 2020, Frogs of East Java: 26–28. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.