"Hylarana" chitwanensis (Das, 1998)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Species: "Hylarana" chitwanensis

Rana chitwanensis Das, 1998, J. Herpetol., 32: 224. Holotype: USNM 266837, by original designation. Type locality: "seven km SSE Kasara, Royal Chitwan National Park (27°30′ N; 84°20′ E), Nepal".

Rana (Sylvirana) chitwanensisAnders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 293.

Hylarana chitwaensisChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 237, by implication; Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 3; by implication.

Sylvirana chitwaensisFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 370. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 34. See comment under Ranidae record.

"Hylarana" chitwaensis — Provisional treatment here (version 6.0) due to not being assigned to any of the hylaranine genera by Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 176–192. See comment. 

English Names

Chitwan Frog (Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 80).


Terai region of Nepal; expected in adjacent India.


Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 291-293, provided an account for the Nepal population. Dubois, 2004, Alytes, 21: 175, noted that this species had previously been referred to Rana danieli and Rana nigrovittata. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Rana chitwaensis) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 632. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 69, for brief account (as Rana chitwaensis). Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 188, noted that this species is likely in either in Hydrophylax or Indosylvirana, but pending genetic sampling declined to make any taxonomic changes; here it is formally removed from Hylarana, which these authors rendered a monophyletic group. Not mentioned by Khatiwada, Wang, Zhao, Xie, and Jiang, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 1–35, in their report on Nepal amphibians, a curious oversight. 

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