Hylarana labialis (Boulenger, 1887)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Hylarana > Species: Hylarana labialis

Rana labialis Boulenger, 1887, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 5, 19: 345. Syntypes: BMNH ("several" specimens), by original designation, including BMNH 1947.2.3.40–46 (formerly 1886.12.28.30–36) according to museum records. BMNH 1947.2.3.40 designated lectotype by Inger, Stuart, and Iskandar, 2009, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 155: 132. Type locality: "within a radius of fifty miles from the town of Malacca", West Malaysia.

Rana (Hylorana) chalconota var. labialisBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 203.

Rana (Hylarana) labialisVan Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 220.

Hydrophylax labialisFrost, 2007, Amph. Spec. World, vers. 5.0, new combination; by implication of results of Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 368.

Hylarana labialisChe, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1-13, by implication; Dubois, Ohler, and Pyron, 2021, Megataxa, 5: 423. 

Chalcorana labialisFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 33;  Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 187. 

English Names

White-lipped Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 134 [as Rana raniceps; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 75; Grismer, 2012, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Seribuat Arch.: 74).


West Malaysia and Singapore; possibly on Bunguran I., Natuna Is., Indonesia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Malaysia, Malaysia, West (Peninsular), Singapore

Likely/Controversially Present: Indonesia


Removed from the synonymy of Hylarana raniceps by Stuart, Inger, and Voris, 2006, Biol. Lett., 2: 470-474, where it had been placed by Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 177. Stuart, Inger, and Voris, 2006, Biol. Lett., 2: 470-474, also noted that this species is morphologically indistinguishable from Hylarana chalconota, and did not detail the range, however, which is highly provisional. Inger, Stuart, and Iskandar, 2009, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 155: 123-147, redelimited the species and discussed its phylogenetic placement with respect to other members of the Hylarana chalconota group, and noted an unnamed species that co-occurs in West Malaysia. Grismer, Chan, Grismer, Wood, and Ahmad, 2010, Russ. J. Herpetol., 17: 147–160, reported localities from the Banjaran Bintang Mountains, northwestern peninsular Malaysia. See brief account by Grismer, 2012, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Seribuat Arch.: 74-75, for the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia. Shahriza and Ibrahim, 2014, Check List, 10: 253–259, provided a photograph and brief natural history observations for a population in Kedah, West Malaysia. See comments on morphology and natural history in West Malaysia by Chan, Muin, Anuar, Andam, Razak, and Aziz, 2019, Check List, 15: 1055–1069. Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 328–329, provided a brief account (description, photographs, habitat, and range) for Thailand (in Thai). Hong, Anuar, Grismer, and Quah, 2021, Check List, 17: 797, reported the species from Batu Hampar Recreational Forest, Kedah, West Malaysia. Herlambang, Riyanto, Munir, Hamidy, Kimura, Eto, and Mumpuni, 2022, Treubia, 49: 78, discussed a report of Chalcorana cf. labialis species from Bunguran I., Natuna Is., Indonesia.

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