Pterorana khare Kiyasetuo and Khare, 1986

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Pterorana > Species: Pterorana khare

English Names

Khare's Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 105; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 83).

Khare's Gliding Frog (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 88).

Indian Flying Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66).

Gliding Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 81).

Winged Frog (Rangad, Tron, and Hooroo, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 99).


Northeastern India in Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, and Meghalaya in association with cascading water, 200–1600 m elevation; in adjacent Myanmar in Chin state.


See brief account by Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 81, 209. Dey and Ramanujam, 2003, Hamadryad, 27: 255–256, provided an additional locality in Mizoram, India. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 159, provided range and systematic comments. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted no larval descriptions in the literature. See comments by Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1123. Ao, Bardoloi, Ohler, and Grosjean, 2006, Alytes, 24: 22–39, reported on the taxon, redescribed the species, noted that it likely fit into their section Hydrophylax but lacked the larval synapomorphies of Sylvirana + Hylarana (sensu Dubois, 1992) as well as XXX. Molecular data are required. Rangad, Tron, and Hooroo, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 99, provided a record for East Khasi Hills District in Meghalaya, India. Sen and Mathew, 2006, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 106: 121–122, reported on specimens from Arunachal Pradesh and discussed the range. Devi and Shamungou, 2006, J. Exp. Zool. India, 9: 317–324, provided a record for Manipur, northeastern India. Sen and Mathew, 2003, Cobra, Chennai, 53: 5–8, provided a record for Mizoram, northeastern India, and discussed the morphology of the new specimens. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 499. Wogan, Vindum, Wilkinson, Koo, Slowinski, Win, Thin, Kyi, Oo, Lwin, and Shein, 2008, Hamadryad, 33: 86, provided the first record for Chin state, Myanmar. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 88, provided a brief characterization and a photograph. Saikia, Kharkongor, and Imam, 2018, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 118: 307–309, discussed the reported range. Muansanga, Decemson, Biakzuala, Laltlanhlui, Malsawmdawngliana, Hmar, Mathipi, Kumar, and Lalremsanga, 2021, Reptiles & Amphibians, 28: 205–212, provided new records for Mizoram, northeastern India, and suggested on a fragment of mtDNA that its closest relative if Hydrophylax leptoglossa, although other samples of nominal Hydrophylax leptoglossa in the same tree are phylogenetically distant, suggesting something is amiss.  

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