Rana dalmatina Fitzinger, 1838

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Rana > Species: Rana dalmatina

Rana dalmatina Fitzinger in Bonaparte, 1838, Iconograph. Fauna Ital., 2 (Fasc. 22): unnumbered. Type(s): Not designated. Type locality: Not stated; designated as "Dalmatien" (now in Croatia) by Mertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 19.

Rana agilis Thomas, 1855, Ann. Sci. Nat., Paris, Ser. 4, 4: 372. Syntypes: Number and collection of deposition not stated; MNHNP 4403-04 (according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 35), and MZUT An12 (according to Gavetti and Andreone, 1993, Cat. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, 10: 92). Type locality: "les environs de Nantes", France. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1898, Tailless Batr. Eur., 2: 332 (who used the name Rana agilis rather than Rana dalmatina); Stejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 51, applied the rule of priority.

Rana gracilis Fatio, 1862, Rev. Mag. Zool., Paris, Ser. 2, 14: 81. Syntypes: MZUT An 29 (2 specimens), according to Gavetti and Andreone, 1993, Cat. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, 10: 82. Type locality: "marais de Puplinges, près Geneve", Switzerland. Synonymy with Rana agilis by Steenstrup, 1869, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., Ser. 2, 1869: 16; Fatio, 1872, Fauna Vert. Suisse, 3: 334. Preoccupied by Rana gracilis Gravenhorst, 1829. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1898, Tailless Batr. Eur., 2: 333.

Rana temporaria var. agilisSchreiber, 1875, Herpetol. Eur.: 125.

Rana temporaria agilisBedriaga, 1881, Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou, 56: 300.

Rana agilis agilisCope, 1886, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 23: 521, by implication.

Rana (Crotaphitis) agilisSchulze, 1891, Jahresber. Abhandl. Naturwiss. Ver. Magdeburg, 1890: 176.

Rana (Rana) dalmatinaGuibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 35.

Rana agiloides Brunner, 1951, Abh. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 60: 39. Holotype: BSPHM (1982-X-6574), right humerus [Upper Pleistocene fossil.] Type locality: "Pottenstein", Germany. Synonymy by Sanchíz, 1998, Handb. Palaeoherpetol., 4: 123.

Rana mülleri Brunner, 1959, Paläontolog. Z., 33: 160. Holotype: BSPHM (1982-X-6599), right frontoparietal. Type locality: "Schmiedberg-Abri bei Hirschbach (Oberfalz)", Germany [Pleistocene fossil]. Sanchíz, 1998, Handb. Palaeoherpetol., 4: 124.

Rana (Rana) dalmatinaDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41-42, by implication; Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 333; Yuan, Zhou, Chen, Poyarkov, Chen, Jang-Liaw, Chou, Matzke, Iizuka, Min, Kuzmin, Zhang, Cannatella, Hillis, and Che, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 835.

Rana (Laurasiarana) dalmatinaHillis and Wilcox, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 34: 311, by implication; see Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 317-330, and Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 331-338, for discussion.

English Names

Agile Frog (Hellmich, 1962, Rept. Amph. Eur.: 72; Arnold and Burton, 1978, Field Guide Rept. Amph. Brit. Eur.: 80; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 55; Grossenbacher, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 134; Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 330; Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 83).

Leap Frog (Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 55).

Dalmatian Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 122).

Spring Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 107).


Northern France, extreme southern Sweden, and southern Poland, to northeastern Spain, Sicily, Greece, Carpathian Ukraine, the Balkans south to Greece, and to northern to northeastern Asiatic Türkiye; reported from Jersey I. and Guernsey I., UK. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Guernsey, Hungary, Italy, Jersey, Kosovo, Luxembourg, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Türkiye, Ukraine, United Kingdom


In the Section Rana, subgenus Rana, Rana temporaria group of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 333. Kothbauer and Schenkel-Brunner, 1978, Z. Zool. Syst. Evolutionsforsch., 16: 144–148, reported on immunological relationships. Mensi, Lattes, Macario, Salvidio, Giacoma, and Balletto, 1992, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 105: 293–311, reported on phylogenetic relationships. Records of this species from the Pyrenees are based on misidentifications according to Dubois, 1982, Alytes, 1: 56–70. See Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 117–124, for a discussion of distinguishing this species from Rana temporaria. See accounts by Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 330–334, and Kuzmin, 2013, Amph. Former Soviet Union, Ed. 2: 204–206, for the former USSR. Başoğlu and Özeti, 1973, Türkiye Amphibileri: 100–102, provided an account for the Turkish populations. Grossenbacher, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 134–135, discussed range and relevant literature. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 325–330, provided an account and polygon map. Brief account provided by Günther in Engelmann, Fritzsche, Günther, and Obst, 1993, Lurche Kriechtiere Eur.: 162–163. Lanza, 1983, Guide Reconoscimento Spec. Animali, Anf. Rett.: 126–127, reported on the Italian populations. Barbadillo-Escrivá, 1987, Guia INCAFO Anf. Rept. Peninsula Iberica: 176–177, provided an account for the Iberian populations. Veith, Kosuch, and Vences, 2003, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 26: 310–327, regarded this species as the sister taxon of Rana latastei. Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 83–84, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Özeti and Yilmaz, 1994, Türkiye Amfibileri: 148–153, provided an account for Turkish populations. Gosá, 1997, in Pleguezuelos (ed.), Dist. Biogeogr. Anf. Rep. Esp. Portugal: 158–160, provided a brief account, photograph, and detailed map for Iberia. Gislén and Kauri, 1959, Acta Vert., Stockholm, 1: 322–325, reported on Swedish populations. Peskov and Reminnyi, 2005, Vestn. Zool., Kiev, 39: 66, reported the species in Moldova. Naumov, 2005, Acta Zool. Bulgarica, 57: 391, provided records for Bulgaria. Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou, and Foufopoulos, 2008, Amph. Rept. Greece: 122–123, provided an account for Greece. Bernini, Guarino, and Picariello, 2007, in Lanza et al. (eds.), Fauna d'Italia, 42 (Amph.): 404–408, provided a detailed account for the Italian population. Smirnov, 2009, Curr. Stud. Herpetol., Saratov, 9: 145–149, detailed the distribution in the Chernivtsi region of Ukraine. Petraccioli, Odierna, Picariello, Giacoma, and Balletto, 2010, Amphibia-Reptilia, 31: 435–438, reported on a karyological variant population in Moldova. Najbar, Vlček, and Šuhaj, 2011, Herpetol. Notes, 4: 63–65, provided a range extension in Poland. Stojanov, Tzankov, and Naumov, 2011, Die Amph. Rept. Bulgariens: 215–221, provided a fairly detailed account and range map for Bulgaria. Smirnov, 2013, Curr. Stud. Herpetol., Saratov, 13: 47–57, summarized the distribution in Ukraine. Cogǎlniceanu, Székely, Samoilă, Iosif, Tudor, Plăiaşu, Stănescu, and Rozylowicz, 2013, ZooKeys, 296: 35–57, provided a dot map for Romania. Vences, Hauswaldt, Steinfartz, Rupp, Goesmann, Künzel, Orozco-terWengel, Vieites, Nieto-Roman, Haas, Laugsch, Gehara, Bruchmann, Pabijan, Ludewig, Rudert, Angelini, Borkin, Crochet, Crottini, Dubois, Ficetola, Galán, Géniez, Hachtel, Jovanovic, Litvinchuk, Lymberakis, Ohler, and Smirnov, 2013, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 68: 657–670, reported on molecular phylogeography. Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok, and Van Der Voort, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Brit. Eur.: 174–176, provided a brief account and range map. Szabolcs, Mizsei, Jablonski, Vági, Mester, Végvári, and Lengyel, 2017, Amphibia-Reptilia, 38: 435–448, provided a dot map and discussion of range in Albania. Beşir and Gül, 2019, Herpetol. Notes, 12: 45–51, provided a dot map for Rize Province, northeastern Türkiye. Urošević, Tomovic, Krizmanić, Anđelković, Golubović, Maričić, Ajtić, Ćorović, Čubrić, Tomašević-Kolarov, Cvijanovíc, Vukov, Jovanović, Vučić, Ajduković, Tot, Nadaždin, Labus, and Džukić, 2018, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Belgrade, 11: 227–245, provided a dot map and discussion of habitat for Serbia. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 88–89, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph. Smirnov and Buchko, 2018, Proc. Zool. Mus., Kiev, 49: 38–47, reported on range within Ukraine. Mołoniewicz, Zając, Stachyra, Szymura, and Pabijan, 2021, Salamandra, 57: 325–334, discussed the range in northeastern Poland. Yaşar, Çiçek, Mulder, and Tok, 2021, North-West. J. Zool., Romania, 17(e201512): 232–275, discussed and grid-mapped the range in Türkiye. Mollov, Natchev, Koynova, Kambourov, Rashkov, Dimitrov, Todorov, Petrova, Vladov, and Uzunov, 2022, Ecol. Balkanica, Spec. Edit. 5: 43–74, discussed the presence of this species in protected areas of southeastern Bulgaria. Groen, Drakopoulos, Bok, and Tzoras, 2022, Herpetol. Notes, 15: 635–639, provided new records from the Peloponnese Peninsula in Greece, with comments on ecology.  

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