Rana dalmatina Fitzinger, 1838

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Rana > Species: Rana dalmatina

Rana dalmatina Fitzinger in Bonaparte, 1838, Iconograph. Fauna Ital., 2 (Fasc. 22): unnumbered. Type(s): Not designated. Type locality: Not stated; designated as "Dalmatien" (now in Croatia) by Mertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 19.

Rana agilis Thomas, 1855, Ann. Sci. Nat., Paris, Ser. 4, 4: 372. Syntypes: Number and collection of deposition not stated; MNHNP 4403-04 (according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 35), and MZUT An12 (according to Gavetti and Andreone, 1993, Cat. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, 10: 92). Type locality: "les environs de Nantes", France. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1898, Tailless Batr. Eur., 2: 332 (who used the name Rana agilis rather than Rana dalmatina); Stejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 51, applied the rule of priority.

Rana gracilis Fatio, 1862, Rev. Mag. Zool., Paris, Ser. 2, 14: 81. Syntypes: MZUT An 29 (2 specimens), according to Gavetti and Andreone, 1993, Cat. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, 10: 82. Type locality: "marais de Puplinges, près Geneve", Switzerland. Synonymy with Rana agilis by Steenstrup, 1869, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., Ser. 2, 1869: 16; Fatio, 1872, Fauna Vert. Suisse, 3: 334. Preoccupied by Rana gracilis Gravenhorst, 1829. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1898, Tailless Batr. Eur., 2: 333.

Rana temporaria var. agilisSchreiber, 1875, Herpetol. Eur.: 125.

Rana temporaria agilisBedriaga, 1881, Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou, 56: 300.

Rana agilis agilisCope, 1886, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 23: 521, by implication.

Rana (Crotaphitis) agilisSchulze, 1891, Jahresber. Abhandl. Naturwiss. Ver. Magdeburg, 1890: 176.

Rana (Rana) dalmatinaGuibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 35.

Rana agiloides Brunner, 1951, Abh. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 60: 39. Holotype: BSPHM (1982-X-6574), right humerus [Upper Pleistocene fossil.] Type locality: "Pottenstein", Germany. Synonymy by Sanchíz, 1998, Handb. Palaeoherpetol., 4: 123.

Rana mülleri Brunner, 1959, Paläontolog. Z., 33: 160. Holotype: BSPHM (1982-X-6599), right frontoparietal. Type locality: "Schmiedberg-Abri bei Hirschbach (Oberfalz)", Germany [Pleistocene fossil]. Sanchíz, 1998, Handb. Palaeoherpetol., 4: 124.

Rana (Rana) dalmatinaDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41-42, by implication; Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 333; Yuan, Zhou, Chen, Poyarkov, Chen, Jang-Liaw, Chou, Matzke, Iizuka, Min, Kuzmin, Zhang, Cannatella, Hillis, and Che, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 835.

Rana (Laurasiarana) dalmatinaHillis and Wilcox, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 34: 311, by implication; see Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 317-330, and Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 331-338, for discussion.

English Names

Agile Frog (Hellmich, 1962, Rept. Amph. Eur.: 72; Arnold and Burton, 1978, Field Guide Rept. Amph. Brit. Eur.: 80; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 55; Grossenbacher, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 134; Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 330; Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 83).

Leap Frog (Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 55).

Dalmatian Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 122).

Spring Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 107).


Northern France and extreme southern Sweden to northeastern Spain, Sicily, Greece, Carpathian Ukraine, the Balkans south to Greece, and to northern to northeastern Asian Turkey; reported from Jersey I. and Guernsey I., UK; expected in southeastern Poland. 


In the Section Rana, subgenus Rana, Rana temporaria group of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 333. Kothbauer and Schenkel-Brunner, 1978, Z. Zool. Syst. Evolutionsforsch., 16: 144-148, reported on immunological relationships. Mensi, Lattes, Macario, Salvidio, Giacoma, and Balletto, 1992, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 105: 293-311, reported on phylogenetic relationships. Records of this species from the Pyrenees are based on misidentifications according to Dubois, 1982, Alytes, 1: 56-70. See Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 117-124, for a discussion of distinguishing this species from Rana temporaria. See accounts by Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 330-334, and Kuzmin, 2013, Amph. Former Soviet Union, Ed. 2: 204–206, for the former USSR. Başoğlu and Özeti, 1973, Türkiye Amphibileri: 100-102, provided an account for the Turkish populations. Grossenbacher, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 134-135, discussed range and relevant literature. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 325-330, provided an account and polygon map. Brief account provided by Günther IN Engelmann, Fritzsche, Günther, and Obst, 1993, Lurche Kriechtiere Eur.: 162-163. Lanza, 1983, Guide Reconoscimento Spec. Animali, Anf. Rett.: 126-127, reported on the Italian populations. Barbadillo-Escrivá, 1987, Guia INCAFO Anf. Rept. Peninsula Iberica: 176-177, provided an account for the Iberian populations. Veith, Kosuch, and Vences, 2003, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 26: 310-327, regarded this species as the sister taxon of Rana latastei. Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 83-84, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Özeti and Yilmaz, 1994, Türkiye Amfibileri: 148-153, provided an account for Turkish populations. Gosá, 1997, in Pleguezuelos (ed.), Dist. Biogeogr. Anf. Rep. Esp. Portugal: 158-160, provided a brief account, photograph, and detailed map for Iberia. Gislén and Kauri, 1959, Acta Vert., Stockholm, 1: 322-325, reported on Swedish populations. Peskov and Reminnyi, 2005, Vestn. Zool., Kiev, 39: 66, reported the species in Moldova. Naumov, 2005, Acta Zool. Bulgarica, 57: 391, provided records for Bulgaria. Valakos, Pafilis, Sotiropoulos, Lymberakis, Maragou, and Foufopoulos, 2008, Amph. Rept. Greece: 122-123, provided an account for Greece. Bernini, Guarino, and Picariello, 2007, in Lanza et al. (eds.), Fauna d'Italia, 42 (Amph.): 404-408, provided a detailed account for the Italian population. Petraccioli, Odierna, Picariello, Giacoma, and Balletto, 2010, Amphibia-Reptilia, 31: 435-438, reported on a karyological variant population in Moldova. Najbar, Vlček, and Šuhaj, 2011, Herpetol. Notes, 4: 63-65, provided a range extension in Poland. Stojanov, Tzankov, and Naumov, 2011, Die Amph. Rept. Bulgariens: 215-221, provided a fairly detailed account and range map for Bulgaria. Cogǎlniceanu, Székely, Samoilă, Iosif, Tudor, Plăiaşu, Stănescu, and Rozylowicz, 2013, ZooKeys, 296: 35-57, provided a dot map for Romania. Vences, Hauswaldt, Steinfartz, Rupp, Goesmann, Künzel, Orozco-terWengel, Vieites, Nieto-Roman, Haas, Laugsch, Gehara, Bruchmann, Pabijan, Ludewig, Rudert, Angelini, Borkin, Crochet, Crottini, Dubois, Ficetola, Galán, Géniez, Hachtel, Jovanovic, Litvinchuk, Lymberakis, Ohler, and Smirnov, 2013, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 68: 657-670, reported on molecular phylogeography. Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok, and Van Der Voort, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Brit. Eur.: 174–176, provided a brief account and range map. Beşir and Gül, 2019, Herpetol. Notes, 12: 45–51, provided a dot map for Rize Province, northeastern Turkey. Urošević, Tomovic, Krizmanić, Anđelković, Golubović, Maričić, Ajtić, Ćorović, Čubrić, Tomašević-Kolarov, Cvijanović, Vukov, Jovanović, Vučić, Ajduković, Tot, Nadaždin, Labus, and Džukić, 2018, Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Belgrade, 11: 227–245, provided a dot map and discussion of habitat for Serbia. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 88–89, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph. Smirnov and Buchko, 2018, Proc. Zool. Mus., Kiev, 49: 38–47, reported on range within Ukraine. Mołoniewicz, Zając, Stachyra, Szymura, and Pabijan, 2021, Salamandra, 57: 325–334, discussed the range in northeastern Poland. Groen, Drakopoulos, Bok, and Tzoras, 2022, Herpetol. Notes, 15: 635–639, provided new records from the Peloponnese Peninsula in Greece, with comments on ecology.  

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