Rana longicrus Stejneger, 1898

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Rana > Species: Rana longicrus

Rana longicrus Stejneger, 1898, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Japan, 12: 216. Holotype: TIU 26, lost by implication of Maeda and Matsui, 1990, Frogs Toads Japan, Ed. 2, regarding other types in this collection. Type locality: "Taipa, Formosa [= Taiwan]", China.

Rana (Rana) longicrusBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 9; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 41; by implication; Yuan, Zhou, Chen, Poyarkov, Chen, Jang-Liaw, Chou, Matzke, Iizuka, Min, Kuzmin, Zhang, Cannatella, Hillis, and Che, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 835.

Rana japonica longicrusMüller and Hellmich, 1940, Zool. Anz., 130: 56.

Rana (Laurasiarana) longicrusHillis and Wilcox, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 34: 311, by implication; see Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 317-330, and Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 331-338, for discussion.

English Names

Taipa Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 108).

Long-legged Brown Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 152).

Long-legged Frog (Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 76).

Brown Frog (Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 76).


Northern and central Taiwan, below 1000 m elevation.


In the Section Rana, subgenus Rana, Rana japonica group of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 333. See accounts by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 95; and Okada, 1931, Tailless Batr. Japan. Empire: 97-100. Systematic relationships discussed by Kuramoto, 1974, Copeia, 1974: 815-822 (who resurrected the name from the synonymy of Rana japonica, where it had been placed by Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 177), and Kawamura, Nishioka, and Ueda, 1981, Sci. Rep. Lab. Amph. Biol. Hiroshima Univ., 5: 195-323. See Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 177-179, who regarded this form as a synonym of Rana japonica. Endemic to Taiwan, according to Kuramoto, Wang, and Yu, 1984, J. Herpetol., 18: 387-395, although they did not specifically address records from Fujian. Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 145, gave distribution as Fujian and Taiwan, thus implicitly disputing the suggestion of Kuramoto, Wang, and Yu, 1984, J. Herpetol., 18: XXX. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 152-153, provided a brief account, map (excluding mainland China), and figure. Sumida, Ueda, and Nishioka, 2003, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 20: 567-580, reported on molecular phylogenetic relationships and reproductive incompatability of this species with other frogs in East Asia. In the Rana longicrus group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 105. Li, Lu, and Li, 2005, Sichuan J. Zool., 24: 268-270, provided a distribution map for China. Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 76-77, provided a brief account for Taiwan. See illustration, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 506. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 3: 985-989, provided an account for China and included it in their Rana longicrus group. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 273, provided a brief account including photographs. See comment under Rana zhenhaiensisFei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 309, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for China. Guo, Yang, and Li, 2009, Colored Illust. Amph. Rept. Taiwan: 56–57, provided, as Rana longicrus, a brief account, photographs, and map.  

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