Staurois Cope, 1865

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Staurois
6 species

Staurois Cope, 1865, Nat. Hist. Rev., N.S., 5: 117. Type species: Ixalus natator Günther, 1858, by subsequent designation of Boulenger, 1918, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 1: 373.

Simomantis Boulenger, 1918, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 1: 373. Type species: Ixalus latopalmatus Boulenger, 1887, by original designation. Synonymy by Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 243.

English Names

Splash Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 110).


Borneo and the Philippines.


Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 234, regarded this taxon as closely related to Amolops and Asian members of the subgenus Hylarana of Rana. Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 139, considered Staurois to be the sister taxon of remaining ranids. This placement was corroborated by Bossuyt, Brown, Hillis, Cannatella, and Milinkovitch, 2006, Syst. Biol., 55: 579-594, and Wiens, Sukumaran, Pyron, and Brown, 2009, Evolution, 63: 1217-1231. See comment under Amolops. Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 245-255, provided synonymies and reviews for the Bornean species, and redefined the genus. Arifin, Iskandar, Bickford, Brown, Meier, and Kutty, 2011, Zootaxa, 2744: 39-52, provided a study of phylogenetics and revised the species. Pyron and Wiens, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 61: 543-583, in their molecular study, confirmed the placement of Staurois as the sister taxon of remaining ranids.

Contained taxa (6 sp.):

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