Indirana semipalmata (Boulenger, 1882)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranixalidae > Genus: Indirana > Species: Indirana semipalmata

Rana semipalmata Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 56. Syntypes: BMNH (2 specimens), including animal figured in pl. 4, fig. 3 in the original and BMNH 1947.2.29.51 according to Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 124. BMNH 1947.2.29.50 designated lectotype by Dahanukar, Modak, Krutha, Nameer, Padhye, and Molur, 2016, J. Threatened Taxa, 8: 9251. Type locality: "Malabar", South India. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 8, noted the imprecision of this type locality. Dahanukar, Modak, Krutha, Nameer, Padhye, and Molur, 2016, J. Threatened Taxa, 8: 9251, restricted the type locality to "Painavu, Idukki wildlife Sanctuary (10.308° N & 76.742° E, elevation 803 m), Kerala, India". 

Rana (Discodeles) semipalmataBoulenger, 1918, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 9, 1: 238.

Rana semifulmataNoble, 1927, Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 30: 107. Spelling error.

Indirana semipalmataLaurent, 1986, in Grassé and Delsol (eds.), Traite de Zool., 14: 761.

Ranixalus semipalmatusDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 69.

Indirana semipalmataDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 175–176, by implication.

Rana (Discodeles) semipalmataDaniel and Sekar, 1989, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 86: 194.

English Names

South Indian Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 99; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 87).

Small-handed Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64).

Brown Leaping Frog ( Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 199).

Half-webbed Leaping Frog (Dahanukar, Modak, Krutha, Nameer, Padhye, and Molur, 2016, J. Threatened Taxa, 8: 9251).

Distribution

Western Ghats of Kerala (and presumably in border areas of Tamil Nadu), South India, both north and south of the Palghat Gap.

Comment

See accounts by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 117, Inger, Shaffer, Koshy, and Bakde, 1984, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 81: 425, and Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 132-133 (as Rana semipalmata). Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 124-125, provided range, systematic comments, and a taxonomic bibliography. Kuramoto and Joshy, 2001, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 20: 85–95, reported on the advertisement call Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 199-200, provided an account. Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 87, did not include Tamil Nadu in the range. A very brief characterization, photograph, and dot map provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 113. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 140–141, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala, India. See account by Dahanukar, Modak, Krutha, Nameer, Padhye, and Molur, 2016, J. Threatened Taxa, 8: 9251–9257, who placed this in their Indirana semipalmata group. Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted only two larval descriptions in the literature. See brief account by Garg and Biju, 2016, PLoS One, 11(11:e0166326): 25. Kumar and George, 2019, Mol. Biol. Rep., 46: 5487–5492, reported on polymorphic microsatellites. Gopalan, Nair, Kumar, Merilä, and George, 2012, Herpetol. Notes, 5: 263–273, reported on adult and larval morphology. 

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