Indirana Laurent, 1986

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranixalidae > Genus: Indirana
14 species

Indirana Bauer, 1985, Ripa, Netherlands, November: 7. Type species: Rana leptodactyla Boulenger, 1882. Nomen nudum. 

Indirana Laurent, 1986, in Grassé and Delsol (eds.), Traite de Zool., 14: 761. Type species: Polypedates beddomii Günther, 1875, by original designation.

Ranixalus Dubois, 1986 "1985", Alytes, 4: 114. Type species: Ranixalus gundia Dubois, 1986 "1985", by original designation. Synonymy by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 175-176.

Nomina inquirenda - Name(s) unassigned to a living or extinct population

Rana (Discodeles) tenuilingua Rao, 1937, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Ser. B, 6: 397. Holotype: CCB; now lost according to Dubois, 1984, Alytes, 3: 157. Type locality: "Kemphole Ghats, Hassan, Mysore, South India". * Indirana tenuilingua — Laurent, 1986, in Grassé and Delsol (eds.), Traite de Zool., 14: 761. * Ranixalus tenuilingua — Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 69. *Indirana tenuilingua — Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 175-176, by implication. Rao's Indian Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 99; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 87). Slender-tongued Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 64). : 9245, explained why this nominal species is a nomen inquirendum. 

English Names

Indian Frogs (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 99).


Central and southern India.


Includes the former mainland members of the subgenus Discodeles of Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 1-116. See Daniel and Sekar, 1989, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 86: 194-202, for key to species (as Discodeles) in western India. Suggested to be closely related to Micrixalus by Inger and Dutta, 1987 "1986", J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 83 (Suppl.): 141. Dahanukar, Modak, Krutha, Nameer, Padhye, and Molur, 2016, J. Threatened Taxa, 8: 9245, as part of their larger revision of Ranixalidae, recognized three species group, the Indirana leithii group (Indirana leithii), the Indirana semipalmata group (Indirana semipalmata and Indirana tysoni) and the Ranixalus beddomii group (Indirana beddomii, Indirana brachytarsus, Indirana chiravasi, Indirana duboisi, Indirana gundia, Indirana salekari, Indirana sarojamma, and Indirana yadera). Nair, Gopalan, George, Kumar, Teacher, and Merilä, 2012, Ann. Zool. Fenn., Helsinki, 49: 257–286, reviewed the literature of the species. Garg and Biju, 2016, PLoS One, 11(11:e0166326): 1–36, reviewed the genus and discussed its molecular phylogenetics. 

Contained taxa (14 sp.):

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