Chiromantis rufescens (Günther, 1869)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Chiromantis > Species: Chiromantis rufescens

Polypedates rufescens Günther, 1869 "1868", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1868: 486. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.7.33, according to museum records. Type locality: "West Africa".

Chiromantis guineensis Buchholz and Peters In Peters, 1875, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1875: 203. Syntypes: ZMB 8356 (1 adult and several larvae), according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 50, and 1 adult and several larvae in the ZMG according to Herrmann, 1989, Veröff. Naturhist. Mus. Schleusingen, 4: 13-14. Type locality: "Cameruns (Victoria)". Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 92.

Chiromantis rufescensBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 92.

Rhacophorus (Chiromantis) guineensisKnauer, 1878, Naturgesch. Lurche: 112.

English Names

African Foam-nest Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 111).

Western Foam-nest Tree Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 131; Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 338).

Western Foam-nest Frog (Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 210). 


Rainforests of West Africa from Sierra Leone and Liberia to Uganda and south to extreme western Dem. Rep. Congo, and extending south into northwestern Angola; presumably throughout the intervening areas except for the Dahomey Gap.  


For synonymy and account see Schiøtz, 1967, Spolia Zool. Mus. Haun., 25: 21. See short accounts in De Witte, 1928, Rev. Zool. Afr., 15: 50-53, and Poynton and Broadley, 1987, Ann. Natal Mus., 28: 165-166. De la Riva, 1994, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 8: 135, provided a record for Equatorial Guinea. Frétey and Blanc, 2002 "2001", Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 126: 384, reported this species from Gabon. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 338-339, provided an account. Lasso, Rial, Castroviejo, and De la Riva, 2002, Graellsia, 58: 21-34, provided notes on ecological distribution in Equatorial Guinea. Schiøtz, 1963, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 125: 61, provided records for Nigeria. Hillers and Rödel, 2007, Salamandra, 43: 1-10, provided a record for Liberia. Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 37–38, provided a brief account. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 368–368, provided information on comparative larval morphology. Jongsma, Tobi, Dixon-MacCallum, Bamba-Kaya, Yoga, Mbega, Mve Beh, Emrich, and Blackburn, 2017, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 11 (1: e144): 16, provided records for southeastern Gabon and briefly discussed habitat and range. Baptista, Conradie, Vaz Pinto, and Branch, 2019, In Huntley, Russo, Lages, and Ferrand (eds.), Biodiversity in Angola: 258, noted a record from Boma, Dem. Rep. Congo, on the Angola border, suggesting its eventual discovery there. Dewynter and Frétey, 2019, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 27: 41, summarized the literature for Gabon and provided photographs (p. 67). Rödel and Glos, 2019, Zoosyst. Evol., 95: 27–28, reported this species from the Krahn-Bassa Proposed Protected Area in southeastern Liberia and the Foya Proposed Protected Area in western Liberia, and commented on the nominal species being a complex and habitat preference. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 210–211, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Leaché, Portik, Rivera, Rödel, Penner, Gvoždík, Greenbaum, Jongsma, Ofori-Boateng, Burger, Eniang, Bell, and Fujita, 2019, J. Biogeograph., 46: 2706-2721, reported on landscape genetics, historical diversification, biogeography, and suggested the binomial represents a complex of 6 lineage-species. See brief account, photographs, and range map for Equatorial Guinea in Sánchez-Vialas, Calvo-Revuelta, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2020, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 66: 137–230. Ernst, Lautenschläger, Branquima, and Hölting, 2020, Zoosyst. Evol., 96: 256, noted the presence in Uigé Province, northwestern Angola.  

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