Nyctixalus spinosus (Taylor, 1920)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Nyctixalus > Species: Nyctixalus spinosus

Hazelia spinosa Taylor, 1920, Philipp. J. Sci., 16: 292. Holotype: EHT 406, by original designation; now CM 3420, according to McCoy and Richmond, 1966, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 38: 246. Type locality: "Bunawan, Agusan [Province], Mindanao", Philippines.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) spinosusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 75.

Rhacophorus leprosus spinosusWolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 156.

Philautus spinosusInger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 407-409.

Hazelia spinosaLiem, 1970, Fieldiana, Zool., 57: 96.

Edwardtayloria spinosaMarx, 1975, Sci. Publ. Sci. Mus. Minnesota, N.S., 2: 2.

Nyctixalus spinosusDubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 257; Brown and Alcala, 1994, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 48: 188.

Theloderma (Nyctixalus) spinosum — Poyarkov, Orlov, Moiseeva, Pawangkhanant, Ruangsuwan, Vassilieva, Galoyan, Nguyen, and Gogoleva, 2015, Russ. J. Herpetol., 22: 276. 

Nyctixalus spinosus — Sivongxay, Davankham, Phimmachak, Phoumixay, and Stuart, 2016, Zootaxa, 4147: 244.  

English Names

Spiny Indonesian Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 111).


Lowland and montane rainforests of Mindanao, Leyte, Bohol, and Basilan Islands, Philippines, 300–1100 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Philippines

Endemic: Philippines


See account by Inger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 407-409, where subspecies status under Rhacophorus leprosus is rejected. See account by Brown and Alcala, 1994, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 48: 188. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 517. See brief notes for Mindanao, Philippines, by Sanguila, Cobb, Siler, Diesmos, Alcala, and Brown, 2016, ZooKeys, 624: 45–46.

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