Polypedates braueri (Vogt, 1911)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Polypedates > Species: Polypedates braueri

Rhacophorus braueri Vogt, 1911, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1911: 180. Syntypes: ZMB 21945 (9 specimens); Kuraishi, Matsui, Ota, and Chen, 2011, Zootaxa, 2744: 60, designated ZMB 21945 lectotype, the others in the former syntypic series being renumbered ZMB 65913–65920. Type locality: "Formosa" (= Taiwan), China.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) baueriAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 137.

Polypedates baueriKuraishi, Matsui, Ota, and Chen, 2011, Zootaxa, 2744: 53–61.

Polypedates (Polypedates) braueri — Mahony, Kamei, Brown, and Chan, 2024, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 74: 256, by implication.

English Names

White-lipped Treefrog (Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 42 [as Polypedates megacephalus]).

Java Treefrog (Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 42 [as Polypedates megacephalus; with taxonomic adjustment, this is now inappropriate, as the species does not occur in Java—DRF]).

Taiwan Whipping Frog (Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 58); Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 12).

Upland Treefrog (Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 42).


Tropical and subtropical China (including parts of Tibet [Medog], Yunnan, Sichuan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, and Anhui) as well as Taiwan, and Lao Cai, Vietnam; also Phitsanulok, Thailand; Tai Nai Township and Putao District, Kachin State, Myanmar; Mizoram, northeastern India; introduced into Guam; expected to occur in Laos. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of, India, Myanmar, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

Likely/Controversially Present: Laos

Introduced: Guam


Removed from the synonymy of Polypedates megacephalus by Kuraishi, Matsui, Ota, and Chen, 2011, Zootaxa, 2744: 53–61, where it had been placed by Stejneger, 1925, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 66: 30; Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 137; Wolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 178; and Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 156. Okada, 1931, Tailless Batr. Japan. Empire: 184–185, for review (as Rhacophorus leucomystax) of Taiwan (China) population. Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 42–43, provided a brief account (as Polypedates megacephalus) for Taiwan. Introduced populations from Okinawa (Japan) and Guam may be of this species rather than Polypedates megacephalus. Records of Polypedates megacephalus from Taiwan apply to this species. Kuraishi, Matsui, Hamidy, Belabut, Ahmad, Panha, Sudin, Yong, Jiang, Ota, Thong, and Nishikawa, 2013, Zool. Scripta, 42: 54–70, discussed the taxonomic status of this member of the Polypedates leucomystax group. Pan, Dang, Wang, Zheng, Rao, and Li, 2013, Asian Herpetol. Res., 4: 124–133, provided a phylogeny reconstruction of the Polypedates leucomystax that suggested that this species extends to Yunnan, Sichuan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Anhui. Zug, 2013, Rept. Amph. Pacific Is.: 77–68, provided a brief discussion of the introduced Guam population. Huang, Li, Luo, Ni, Yao, Xu, Zeng, Li, Wei, and Zhang, 2019, MtDNA, Part B, 4: 1739–1740, reported on the complete mt genome. Rahman, Chen, Wu, Chen, Lwin, Murphy, Li, and Che, 2020, Zootaxa, 4742: 531–541, provided the extreme northern Myanmar and Xizang records, genetically confirmed. Lalronunga, Vanramliana, Lalrinchhana, Vanlalhrima, Sailo, Lalnunhlua, Sailo, Zosangliana, Lalhmangaiha, and Lalhmingliani, 2020, Sci. Vision, 20: 106–117, provided a record from Mizoram, northeastern India, genetically confirmed. Che, Jiang, Yan, and Zhang, 2020, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 348–352, provided a detailed account for Tibet, China. Yuan, Deng, Jiang, Klaus, Orlov, Yang, and Li, 2021, Zool. Res., Kunming, 42: supplmentary data, provided a genetically-confirmed locality from Phu Hin Rong, Phitsanulok, north-central Thailand. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 42, briefly discussed habitat, range, and identification in Myanmar. Siammawii, Malsawmdawngliana, Muansanga, and Lalremsanga, 2024, Herpetol. Notes, 17: 25–33, reported on breeding biology and vocalization in Mizoram, India. Kohler, Zhang, Messenger, An, Ghosh, Othman, Wang, Amin, Prasad, Wu, and Borzée, 2024, Herpetozoa, Wien, 37: 85–93, provided new records from Jiangsu, China, as well as a dot map for the species range.  

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