Polypedates teraiensis (Dubois, 1987)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Polypedates > Species: Polypedates teraiensis

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) leucomystax teraiensis Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 81–82. Holotype: MNHNP 1983.1103, by original designation. Type locality: "Belberi, 210 m, Est-Népal".

Rhacophorus teraiensisAo, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1122.

English Names

Common Tree Frog (Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 49).

Six-lined Tree Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 67 [as Polypedates leucomystax]).

Terai Tree Frog (Polypedates leucomystax teraiensis: Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 67).

Terai Treefrog (Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 44). 

Perching Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 170 [as Polypedates leucomystax]).

Teraiensis Whipping Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 12).


Eastern Nepal, Bhutan, and eastern and peninsular and northeastern India (West Bengal, Odisha, Meghalaya, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, and Sikkim; also reported for Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh), and Bangladesh into mainland Myanmar (Bago, Kayah, Sagaing, Yangon) and peninsular Myanmar (Tanintharyi), and possibly into adjacent China (see comment).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal


Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 49, provided a brief account for northeastern India. The separation of this nominal species has not been well-documented from Polypedates leucomystax and eastern limit of the range has not be documented with respect to the western limit of Polypedates leucomystax . Further, the name (DRF) Rhacophorus maculatus himalayensis Annandale, 1912, from Assam (not treated by Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 49) could threaten the priority of Polypedates teraiensis (Dubois, 1987). Sarkar, Biswas, and Ray, 1992, State Fauna Ser., 3: 91–92, provided a brief account (as Polypedates leucomystax) for West Bengal, India. Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117–1125, provided a specific locality for Nagaland, northeastern India. Devi and Shamungou, 2006, J. Exp. Zool. India, 9: 317–324, provided a record for Manipur, northeastern India. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 93–94, provided systematic notes, access to literature, and range. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 19, doubted records (as Polypedates leucomystax) from Karnataka, India, although Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 161–163, reported the species from throughout peninsular India as far west as Gujarat. Choudhury, Hussain, Buruah, Saikia, and Sengupta, 2002, Hamadryad, 26: 277, commented on the Indian population (as Polypedates leucomystax). Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 170–171, and Sarkar and Ray, 2006, In Alfred (ed.), Fauna of Arunachal Pradesh, Part 1: 309, provided brief accounts (as Polypedates leucomystax) for the Indian population. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 73, for brief account (as Polypedates leucomystax). Das and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted no larval descriptions in the literature. Chakravarty, Bordoloi, Grosjean, Ohler, and Borkotoki, 2011, Alytes, 27: 85–115, discussed tadpole morphology and provided a staging table. Gogoi and Sengupta, 2017, Das (ed.), Diversity Ecol. Amph. India: 33–48, compared this species with Polypedates leucomystax, Polypedates himalayensis, and Polypedates maculatus. Tshewang and Letro, 2018, J. Threatened Taxa, 10: , reported the species from Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park in central Bhutan. Purkayastha, Khan, and Roychoudhury, 2020, in Roy et al. (eds.), Socio-economic and Eco-biological Dimensions in Resource use and Conservation, Environmental Science and Engineering: 225–233, provided a record for Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary, Tripura, India. See comments by Hakim, Trageser, Ghose, Das, Rashid, and Rahman, 2020, Check List, 16: 1239–1268, who reported the species from Lawachara National Park, Sylhet Division, northeastern Bangladesh. Khatiwada, Wang, Zhao, Xie, and Jiang, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 1–35, discussed the genetics of the Nepal population. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 44, briefly discussed habitat, range, and identification in Myanmar. Rabbe, Jaman, Alam, Rahman, and Sarker, 2022, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 16: 226–234, provided records for northwestern Bangladesh. Raj, Vasudevan, Aggarwal, Dutta, Sahoo, Mahapatra, Sharma, Janani, Kar, and Dubois, 2023, Alytes, 39–40: 116–119, reported on larval morphology of specimens from Odisha, India. 

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