Raorchestes parvulus (Boulenger, 1893)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Raorchestes > Species: Raorchestes parvulus

Ixalus parvulus Boulenger, 1893, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 2, 13: 339. Syntypes: (7 specimens) BMNH, MSNG, ZMH A04076–77 (according to Hallermann, 2006, Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 103: 139; who noted that the total of claimed syntypes totals 8) and NHMW 16528 (according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 23), BMNH 1893.10.9.29-30 may be syntypes according to museum records; MSNG 29838A designated lectotype by Capocaccia, 1957, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 3, 69: 217. Lectotype described by Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 75–76. Type locality: "District of the Karin Bia-po", Myanmar.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) parvulusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 53, 70.

Philautus parvulusBourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 451.

Philautus (Philautus) parvulusDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 72.

Pseudophilautus parvulusLi, Che, Murphy, Zhao, Zhao, Rao, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53: 511.

Raorchestes parvulusBiju, Shouche, Dubois, Dutta, and Bossuyt, 2010, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 98: 1120, by implication.

English Names

Karin Bubble-nest Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 112).

Cricket Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 158).

Dwarf Bushfrog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 148; Neang and Holden, 2008, Field Guide Amph. Cambodia: 107).

Tiny Bubble-nest Frog (Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 36).

Dwarf Bush Frog (Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 430).

Karin Shrub Frog (Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 60). 

Dwarf Shreubfrog (Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 44).


Sylhet Division of Bangladesh east through Myanmar (Bago, Chin, Kachin, Kayah, Rakhine, and Sagaing) and non-peninsular Thailand to the Cardamon Mountains of southwestern Cambodia and northern Vietnam (Vinh Phu, Bac Thai Lao Cai, Lai Chau, Son La, and Tuyen Quang provinces, 700–1400 m elevation; Xe Kong Province, Laos; Temengor Forest Reserve, Hulu Perak, Perak Darul Ridzwan, peninsular Malaysia.


Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 523–526, discussed the Thai populations, thought that the name might cover at least two species, and provided an account; see also Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 451–452. Heyer, 1971, Fieldiana, Zool., 58: 61–82, reported on the call from Thailand. See comments by Inger, Orlov, and Darevsky, 1999, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 92: 28. Sukumaran, 2003 "2002", Hamadryad, 27: 1–10, provided the peninsular Malaysian record. Reported for southwestern Cambodia by Ohler, Swan, and Daltry, 2002, Raffles Bull. Zool., 50: 465–481. Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 158, provided a brief characterization and photograph, which Ohler, 2003, Alytes, 21: 101, attributed to Polypedates sp. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 148–149, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 36, provided specific localities for Vietnam. Reported for Pulau Langkawi, Kadeh, northwestern West Malaysia, by Grismer, Youmans, Wood, Ponce, Wright, Jones, Johnson, Sanders, Gower, Yaakob, and Lim, 2006, Hamadryad, 30: 61–74. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 478, provided the record for Laos. Stuart and Emmett, 2006, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 109: 11, provided a record for the Cardamom Mountains, southwestern Cambodia. Neang and Holden, 2008, Field Guide Amph. Cambodia: 107, provided a photograph, brief account of identification, ecology, and range in Cambodia. Chan-ard, Cota, and Makchai, 2011, Amph. E. Region Thailand: 139, detailed the range in Thailand. Ghose and Bhuiyan, 2012, Herpetol. Rev., 43: 98–99, reported the species for Bangladesh. Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 430–431, provided a brief account (description, photographs, habitat, and range) for Thailand (in Thai). The record published by Yu, Liu, Hou, Li, and Yang, 2019, Zootaxa, 4577: 381–391, for Mengla County, extreme southern Yunnan, China, was subsequently suggested by Jiang, Ren, Wang, Guo, Wang, Liu, Jiang, and Li, 2020, Asian Herpetol. Res., 11: 263–281, to be Raorchestes menglaensisLe, Luong, Pham, Phan, Nguyen, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2021, Bonn Zool. Bull., 70: 201–219, provided natural history notes and a record from Tuyen Quang Province, Vietnam. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 44, briefly discussed habitat, range, and identification in Myanmar. Reported from Son La Province, northwestern Vietnam, by Pham, Nguyen, Pham, Sung, Le, Vaxong, and Ziegler, 2022, Herpetol. Notes, 15: 169–178, who provided descriptive notes on the new specimens.

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