Rhacophorus reinwardtii (Schlegel, 1840)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Rhacophorus > Species: Rhacophorus reinwardtii

Rhacophorus moschatus Kuhl and Van Hasselt, 1822, Algemeene Konst-en Letter-Bode, 7: 104. Types: Not stated, although presumably RMNH. Type locality: Mount Pangerango, Java, Indonesia. Synonymy by Brongersma, 1942, Arch. Neerland. Zool., 6: 341–346; and Dubois, 1989 "1988", Alytes, 7: 101, who has appealed to the ICZN to suppress this senior synonym. Ohler and Dubois, 2006, Alytes, 23: 123–132, argued that the name is a nomen oblitum under Art. 23.9 of the Code (1999).

Rhacophorus reinwardtii Kuhl and Van Hasselt, 1822, Algemeene Konst-en Letter-Bode, 7: 104 (nomen nudum); Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 32, 73 (nomen nudum).

Racophorus reinwardtii Schlegel, 1826, Bull. Sci. Nat. Geol., Paris, Ser. 2, 9: 239. Nomen nudum.

Hypsiboas reinwardtii Wagler, 1830, Nat. Syst. Amph.: 200. Type(s): RMNH. Type locality: Not provided. Nomen nudum.

Rhacophorus rheinwardtiiTschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 75. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Hyla reinwardtii Schlegel, 1840, Abbild. Neuer Unvollst. Amph., Atlas: pl. 30. Syntypes: Including animals figured on pl. 30 of original; including RMNH 1870 (2 specimens; Java), 6517 (2 specimens; Java), and 3899 (Sumatra), according to M.S. Hoogmoed In Inger, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 547. Ohler and Dubois, 2006, Alytes, 23: 123–132, suggested that only RMNH 6517A, 3899, and 1970A and not 1870B and 6517B were syntypes; they selected RMNH 6517A as the lectotype. Type locality: Not stated, but likely Java, Indonesia. See Dubois, 1989 "1988", Alytes, 7: 101–104, for clarification.

Rhacophorus reinwardti var. lateralis Werner, 1900, Zool. Jahrb., Jena, Abt. Syst., 13: 495. Holotype: NHMB 1192 according to Forcart, 1946, Verh. Naturforsch. Ges. Basel, 57: 132. Type locality: "Laut Tador, Batu Bahra", Sumatra, Indonesia. Incorrect subsequent spelling of the species name.

Polypedates reinwardtiiSiedlecki, 1909, Biol. Zentralbl., 29: 704.

Rhacophorus reinwardtiiVan Kampen, 1910, Natuurkd. Tijdschr. Nederl. Indie, 69: 43.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) reinwardtiiAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 171; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77; Mahony, Kamei, Brown, and Chan, 2024, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 74: 253, by implication. 

English Names

Reinwardti's Frog (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 170).

Reinwardt's Flying Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 114).

Reinwardt's Tree Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 67).

Reinwardt's Treefrog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 162).

Reinwardt's Gliding Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 134).

Green Flying-frog (Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 91).

Black-webbed Treefrog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 268).

Small Flying Tree Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 146).


Java (Indonesia); questionably from Manipur and Sikkim, northeastern India.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Indonesia

Likely/Controversially Present: India

Endemic: Indonesia


In the Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) reinwardtii group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77; see comment under Rhacophorus for dissenting opinion regarding the recognition of this group. See Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 107, for account. Dubois, 1982, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 4: 261–280, suggested that Rhacophorus moschatus Kuhl and Van Hasselt, 1822, is the name with priority for this species, but recommended the retention of reinwardtii for stability. Dubois also noted that Hypsiboas reinwardtii Wagler, 1830, is a nomen nudum. Ohler and Dubois, 2006, Alytes, 23: 123–132, discussed the nomenclature of this species, preserved the name Rhacophorus reinwardtii as a nomen protectum, and provided a description of the lectotype. See comment under Rhacophorus kio. The records from Laos by Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 479, were subsequently (i.e., Bain, Nguyen, and Doan, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 111) treated as Rhacophorus kioDas and Dutta, 2007, Hamadryad, 31: 154–181, noted a number of larval descriptions in the literature. Devi and Shamungou, 2006, J. Exp. Zool. India, 9: 317–324, provided a questionable record for Manipur, northeastern India. Chan and Grismer, 2010, Zootaxa, 2505: 40–50, noted that records from peninsular Thailand and Malaya, and likely from Sumatra, are referable to Rhacophorus norhayatii. Matsui, Shimada, and Sudin, 2013, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 32: 112–124, named Rhacophorus borneensis and implied that records of Rhacophorus reinwardtii from Borneo are applicable to the new species and that records of nominal Rhacophorus reinwardtii from China and Vietnam apply to unnamed species. Subba, Aravind, and Ravikanth, 2016, Check List, 13(1: 2033): 12, considered the presence of this species in Sikkim, India, to be doubtful. O'Connell, Hamidy, Kurniawan, Smith, and Fujita, 2018, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 123: 101–112, discussed molecular phylogeography regarding the population on java. See brief account for East Java by Amin, 2020, Frogs of East Java: 60–63.  

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