Zhangixalus burmanus (Andersson, 1939)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Zhangixalus > Species: Zhangixalus burmanus

Polypedates (Rhacophorus) dennysii burmana Andersson, 1939 "1938", Ark. Zool., 30(23): 1. Holotype: NHRM 1858, according to Ohler, 2009, Herpetozoa, Wien, 21: 179–182, who redescribed the type. Type locality: "little village of Kambaiti situation in N. East Burma near the border of China in a highland 2,000 m above th sea-level and overgrown with dense bamboo-jungles and primeval forests", Myanmar.

Rhacophorus taronensis Smith, 1940, Rec. Indian Mus., 42: 473. Holotype: BMNH 1940.6.1.39, by original designation, now renumbered 1947.2.8.17 according to museum records. Type locality: "27° 38′ N, 98° 10′ E.... Patsarlamdam", northern Myanmar. Synonymy by Ohler, 2009, Herpetozoa, Wien, 21: 179–182.

Rhacophorus gongshanensis Yang and Su, 1984, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 3 (3): 51. Holotype: KIZ 810732, by original designation. Type locality: "Pumansao [= Pumanshao], Baoshan County, Yunnan; altitude 1880 m.", China. Synonymy with Rhacophorus taronensis by Wilkinson and Rao, 2004, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 55: 451.

Polypedates gongshanensisFei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 185.

Rhacophorus gongshanensisYang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 213; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 280.

Rhacophorus burmanus —  Ohler, 2009, Herpetozoa, Wien, 21: 179–182.

Zhangixalus burmanusJiang, Jiang, Ren, Wu, and Li, 2019, Asian Herpetol. Res., 10: 7. 

Rhacophorus (Zhangixalus) burmanus — Mahony, Kamei, Brown, and Chan, 2024, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 74: 253, by implication. 

English Names

Patsarlamdam Flying Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 114).

Patsarlamdam Flying Frog (Rhacophorus taronensis [no longer recognized]: Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 120).

Yunnan Flying Frog (Rhacophorus gongshanensis [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 113).

Gongshan Treefrog (Rhacophorus gongshanensis [no longer recognized]: Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 280).

Burmese Gliding Treefrog (Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 46).

Burma Flying Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 15). 


Hengduan Mountains, western Yunnan (Gaoshan, Tengchong, and Baoshan counties) and Motuo, Xizang, China, through northern Myanmar (Kachin) to Nagaland, Manipur, and Arunachal Pradesh, northeastern India; reported from Tsirang District, Bhutan (see comment).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bhutan, China, People's Republic of, India, Myanmar


Not assigned to subgenus by Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77. Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 213–214, and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 278–280, provided brief accounts (as Rhacophorus gongshanensis). See also brief account (as Rhacophorus gongshanensis) by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 129–130. Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117–1125, provided records for Nagaland, northeastern India (as Rhacophorus gongshanensis). Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 113–114, provided a brief account for Yunnan, China. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Polypedates gongshanensis) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 635. Ohler, 2009, Herpetozoa, Wien, 21: 179–182, discussed the original description, redescribed the holotype, and detailed the taxonomic history. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 808–812, provided an account and a spot map for China (as Rhacophorus gongshanensis) and assigned this species to their Rhacophorus omeimontis group. Sen and Mathew, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 285: 127, provided a record from Nagaland, northeastern India (as Polypedates gongshanensis). Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 117–118, provided a brief characterization (as Rhacophorus taronensis) and photographs. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 459, provided a brief account for China (as Rhacophorus gongshanensis) including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 542, provided an account (as Rhacophorus gongshanensis), photographs, and a range map. Sengupta and Ahmed, 2017, Herpetozoa, Wien, 29: 194–198, discussed the range and provided a dot map with explicit localities. Jiang, Jiang, Ren, Wu, and Li, 2019, Asian Herpetol. Res., 10: Table 1, provided a genetically-confirmed locality of Motuo, Xizang, China. Che, Jiang, Yan, and Zhang, 2020, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 367–372, provided a detailed account for Tibet, China. Wangyal, Bower, Sherub, Tshewang, Wangdi, Rinchen, Puntsho, Tashi, Koirala, Bhandari, Phuntsho, Koirala, Ghalley, Chaida, Tenzin, Powrel, Tshewang, Raika, Jamtsho, Kinley, Gyeltshen, Tashi, Nidup, Wangdi, Phuentsho, Norbu, Wangdi, Wangchuk, Tobgay, Dorji, and Das, 2020, Herpetol. Rev., 51: 794, tentatively identified a photograph as of this species from Bhutan. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 46, briefly discussed identification, habitat, and range in Myanmar. Saikia, Sinha, Nanda, and Sengupta, 2022, Reptiles & Amphibians, 29: 268–269, provided a record from  Tale Wildlife Sanctuary, Lower Subansiri District, Arunachal Pradesh, northern India; they also discussed voucher-verified records from Nagaland and Manipur, India and noted that records from Bhutan and western Arunachal Pradesh are based solely on photographs. 

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