Zhangixalus duboisi (Ohler, Marquis, Swan, and Grosjean, 2000)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Zhangixalus > Species: Zhangixalus duboisi

Rhacophorus duboisi Ohler, Marquis, Swan, and Grosjean, 2000, Herpetozoa, Wien, 13: 81. Holotype: MNHNP 1999.5971, by original designation. Type locality: "Fan Si Pan mountain range (22° 16′ N, 103° 50′ E; 1900 m), near Sa Pa, Lao Cai Province, Vietnam . . . . in a pond on the edge of montane forest".

Polypedates pingbianensis Kou, Hu, and Gao, 2001, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 26: 229, 233. Holotype: CIB 654003, by original designation. Type locality: "nature conservation region of Pingbian County, Yunnan Province (22° 9′ N, 103° 6′ E); alt. 1950 m", China. Synonymy with Rhacophorus omeimontis by Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 812. Synonymy with Rhacophorus duboisi by Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 95; and Li, Li, Murphy, Rao, and Zhang, 2012, Zool. Scripta, 41: 557–570. See comment. 

Polypedates duboisiOrlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 95.

Rhacophorus pingbianensisRao, Wilkinson, and Liu, 2006, Zootaxa, 1258: 17, by implication.

Polypedates spinus Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: : 111. Holotype: Number 03199, no institutional deposit noted, by original designation (presumably KIZ). Type locality: Huang Lian Shan, Luchan, Yunnan, China, 1780 m elevation. Synonymy by Li, Li, Murphy, Rao, and Zhang, 2012, Zool. Scripta, 41: 557–570.

Zhangixalus duboisi — Jiang, Jiang, Ren, Wu, and Li, 2019, Asian Herpetol. Res., 10: 7. 

Rhacophorus (Zhangixalus) duboisi — Mahony, Kamei, Brown, and Chan, 2024, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 74: 253, by implication. 

English Names

Dubois' Whipping Frog (Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 37).

Dubois' Treefrog (Poyarkov, Nguyen, Popov, Geissler, Pawangkhanant, Neang, Suwannapoom, and Orlov, 2021, Russ. J. Herpetol., 28 (3A): 65). 


Montane Ha Giang, Lai Chau, Son La, and Lao Cai Provinces, Vietnam, and in the Huang Lian mountains in Luchan and Pingbian counties, Yunnan, China.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of, Vietnam


Closely related to the Rhacophorus dugritei group according to the original publication. SSee comment under Rhacophorus omeimontis. Orlov, Nguyen, and Ho, 2008, Russ. J. Herpetol., 15: 67-84, provided a photograph and a key to differentiate this species from others in Vietnam. Ziegler, Tran, Nguyen, Perl, Wirk, Kulisch, Lehmann, Rauhaus, Nguyen, Le, and Vu, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 185–201, provided a record for Ha Giang Province, Vietnam, and briefly discussed the range.  Nguyen, Matsui, Eto, and Orlov, 2014, Russ. J. Herpetol., 21: 277, suggested on the basis of 434 bp of mtDNA a membership in the Rhacophorus dugritei group and also suggested that the nominal synonym, Rhacophorus pingbianensis, is not a synonym of Rhacophorus duboisi, at least based on their data, requiring a reevaluation of its morphology and additional molecular evidence. Pham, Nguyen, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2017, Herpetol. Notes, 10: 379–381, provided records for Son La Province, Vietnam, with notes on morphology and ecology. Luong, Pham, Do, Hoang, Phan, Nguyen, Ziegler, and Le, 2021, Check List, 17: 445–458, provided records for Lai Chau Province, Vietnam, and discussed the range. Dufresnes and Litvinchuk, 2022, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 195: 740, noted on the basis of 16S mtDNA distance that Zhangixalus duboisi and Zhangixalus omeimontis are likely conspecifics. 

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