Batrachuperus londongensis Liu and Tian, 1978

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Batrachuperus > Species: Batrachuperus londongensis

Batrachuperus londongensis Liu and Tian In Liu, Hu, Tian, and Wu, 1978, Mater. Herpetol. Res., 4: 18. Holotype: CIB 65I0013, by original designation. Type locality: Longdong River, Mt. Emei [= Omei], Sichuan, 1300 m, China.

Batrachuperus longdongensis Liu and Tian In Fei, Ye, and Tian, 1983, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 8: 210. Holotype: CIB 6I0013, by original designation. Type locality: "Longdon River, Mt. Emei, Sichuan, 1300 m", China. Second description with incorrect subsequent spelling of species name.

Batrachuperus (Batrachuperus) londongensis — Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 58.

English Names

Longdong Stream Salamander (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 36; Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 241).

Londong Stream Salamander (Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 71. 


Rocky mountains streams, including the Longdong River and the Mount Emei region, Sichuan, China, 1300–1800 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of

Endemic: China, People's Republic of


Removed from the synonymy of Batrachuperus pinchonii by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 56, where it had been placed by Zhao and Jiang, 1988, in Zhao et al. (eds.), Studies on Chinese Salamanders: 49-53, and Inger, Zhao, Shaffer, and Wu, 1990, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 58: 5. Rescribed by Fei, Ye, and Tian, 1983, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 8: 210. See account, map, and figure by Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 36. Xu, 2002, Acta Scient. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni, 41: 79-81, discussed the species as Batrachuperus longdongensis. In the Batrachuperus pinchonii group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 36, although they only addressed Chinese species. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 89, provided a brief account and illustration. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 219-224, provided an account for China and allocated this species to their Batrachuperus pinchonii group. See also Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 59-60, for a brief account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 548. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 65, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 71, provided an account, photographs, and map for China. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 77, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 241–243, provided an account, photographs, and range map. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 41–42, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species. See Xiong, Luo, and Zeng, 2020, Zool. Res., Kunming, 41: 589–594, for a partial distribution map and discussion of relationships. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 58, provided a detailed account, covering systematics, life history, and distribution (including a polygon map). 

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