Batrachuperus yenyuanensis Liu, 1950

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Batrachuperus > Species: Batrachuperus yenyuanensis

Batrachuperus yenyuanensis Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 99. Holotype: FMNH 49370, by original designation. Type locality: "Peilinshan, Yenyuanhsien, Sikang [now Sichuan], China, 14,500 feet altitude".

Batrachuperus (Tibetuperus) yenyuanensisDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

English Names

Yenhuanhsien Mountain Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 28).

Yenyuan Stream Salamander (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 38).


Southwestern Sichuan (Dechang, Puge, Mianning, Yanbian, Yanyuan, Xichang, Mianning, and Puxiong counties), China; possibly extending into adjacent northern Yunnan, 2900–4400 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of

Endemic: China, People's Republic of


Discussed by Fei, Ye, and Tian, 1983, Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, 8: 209-219. See accounts by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 62; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 38; Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 116-119; and Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 60. In the Batrachuperus tibetanus group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 36, although they only addressed Chinese species. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 93, provided a brief account and illustration. See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 30-31. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 239–242. Fu and Zeng, 2008, Mol. Ecol., 17: 1469-1488, noted a closely-related unnamed species in western Sichuan, China. See illustration, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 549. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 70, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens. See comment about the subgeneric taxonomy under the generic record. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 76, provided an account, photographs, and a map. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 79, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 49–50, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species.  Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 251–252, provided an account, photographs, and range map. Jia, Jiang, Zhang, and Gao, 2019, PLoS One, 14(1: e0211069): 1–34, reported on osteology. See Xiong, Luo, and Zeng, 2020, Zool. Res., Kunming, 41: 589–594, for a partial distribution map and discussion of relationships. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 61, provided an account, covering systematics, life history, and distribution (including a polygon map). Tighe, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 654: 17, briefly discussed secondary types. 

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