Liua shihi (Liu, 1950)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Liua > Species: Liua shihi

Hynobius shihi Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 77. Holotype: FMNH 49384, by original designation. Type locality: "Chihsinling, Tachangsze, eastern Szechwan [= Sichuan], China".

Ranodon wushanensis Liu, Hu, and Yang, 1960, Acta Zool. Sinica, 12: 278. Holotype: CIB 571589, by original designation. Type locality: "Kwan-yang, Wushan [County], Szechwan [= Sichuan]" Province, China. Synonymy by Risch and Thorn, 1982 "1981", Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse, 117: 171.

Ranodon shihiRisch and Thorn, 1982 "1981", Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse, 117: 171. Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 48; Kuzmin and Thiesmeier, 2001, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 6: 113.

Liua wushanensisZhao and Hu, 1983, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 2 (2): 30.

Liua shihiZhao, 1984, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, Chengdu, N.S.,, 3 (1): 40. Wang, Wang, Fang, and Wu, 2005, J. Zhejiang Univ., Sci., 32: 79; Zhang, Chen, Zhou, Liu, Wang, Papenfuss, Wake, and Qu, 2006, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 103: 7360-7365.

Liuia shihi — Brame, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 565.

Ranodon (Liua) shihiKuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 116.

English Names

Sichuan Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 28).

Wushan Salamander (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 34).


Montane Chonqing (Chengkou, Wushan, and Wushi), Sichuan (Wangyuan), western Hubei (Badong, Shennongjia, and Yichang), southern Henan (Shangcheng), and southern Shaanxi, China, 900–2350 m elevation.


See account, figure, and map by Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 34, and Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 104-106 (as Liua shihi). Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 87, Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 206-213, and Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 62, provided brief accounts. See review by Kuzmin and Thiesmeier, 2001, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 6: 113-120. See comment under Liua shihi. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Batrachuperus shihi) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 637. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 60-61, provided a brief account (as Ranodon shihi) including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 66–67, provided an account (as Ranodon shihi), photographs, and map for China. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 79–80, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Xiong, Liu, and Zhang, 2016, Asian Herpetol. Res., 7: 112–121, compared the skull of this species with Liua tsinpaensis. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 232–234, provided an accounts, photographs, and range map (as Ranodon (Liua) shihi). See comments by Zhao, Wang, Wang, Liu, and Lu, 2015, J. Henan Normal Univ. (Nat. Sci.), 46: 705–711. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 103–105, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species.  

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