Pseudohynobius puxiongensis (Fei and Ye, 2000)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Pseudohynobius > Species: Pseudohynobius puxiongensis

Protohynobius puxiongensis Fei and Ye, 2000, Cultum Herpetol. Sinica, 8: 65. Holotype: CIB 65II0220, by original designation. Type locality: "Puxiong (102° 49′ E, 28° 31′ N), Yuexi County, Sichuan Province; altitude 2900 m", China.

Pseudohynobius puxiongensisPeng, Zhang, Xiong, Gu, Zeng, and Zou, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 56: 257.

Pseudohynobius (Protohynobius) puxiongensisDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

English Names

Puxiong's Protohynobiid (Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 84).

Puxiong Salamander (Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 136).


Known only from within 3 km of the type locality (Puxiong, Sichuan, China, 2900 m elevation).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of

Endemic: China, People's Republic of


Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 43, 84; Fei and Ye, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 26-27; and Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 136-141, provided accounts. See brief account by Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 40. Peng, Zhang, Xiong, Gu, Zeng, and Zou, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 56: 252-258, discussed range and provided a new locality. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 38, provided a brief account, photographs and illustration of specimens as well as a habitat shot. Xiong, Gu, Gong, and Zeng, 2011, Zootaxa, 2919: 51-59, described the adult, larvae, karyotype, breeding habitat, and habits. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 51, provided an account (as Protohynobius puxiongensis), photographs, and map. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 82–83, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 136–137, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species. See account, photograph, and map by Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 203–210, where the synonymy of Protohynobius with Pseudohynobius was criticized, although the molecular evidence of Peng et al. (2010) and Zhao et al. (2016) was not rejected. So, we have a situation where three traditions of taxonomy exist: a) two genera, Protohynobius and Pseudohynobius (Fei and Ye); b) one genus (Peng et al., 2010, and Zhao et al., 2016); and c) one genus, Pseudohynobius with two sister subgenera (Protohynobius and Pseudohynobius) (Dubois and Raffaelli, 2012). Inasmuch as all three approaches are consistent with the accepted evolutionary tree, this catalogue follows the preponderance of usage, which is the union of "b" and "c". Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 66, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, and distribution (including a polygon map).

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