Nototriton picadoi (Stejneger, 1911)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Nototriton > Species: Nototriton picadoi

Spelerpes picadoi Stejneger, 1911, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 41: 285. Holotype: USNM 48280, by original designation. Type locality: "La Estrella, southeast of Cartago, [Cartago Province,] Costa Rica".

Oedipus picadoiDunn, 1924, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 12: 99.

Chiropterotriton picadoiTaylor, 1949, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 33: 279; Wake and Lynch, 1976, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 25: 59.

? Pseudoeurycea picadoiTaylor, 1949, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 33: 279.

Nototriton picadoiWake and Elias, 1983, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 345: 11.

Nototriton major Good and Wake, 1993, Herpetol. Monogr., 7: 137. Holotype: UCR 6756, by original designation. Type locality: "Quebrada Platanillo, approximately 6 km east of Moravia de Chirripó, Prov. Cartago, Costa Rica, . . . . Elevation ca. 1200 m". Synonymy by Kubicki, Reyes, and Arias, 2022, Zootaxa, 5194: 489.

Nototriton matama Boza-Oviedo, Rovito, Chaves, García-Rodríguez, Artavia, Bolaños, and Wake, 2012, Zootaxa, 3309: 48. Holotype: UCR 20215, by original designation. Type locality: "from the southeastern end of the Fila Matama (coordinates: 9.8071° N, 83.1683° W) at an elevation of 1300 m", Provincia de Limón, Costa Rica. Synonymy by Kubicki, Reyes, and Arias, 2022, Zootaxa, 5194: 489.

Nototriton (Nototriton) matama — Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 141.

Nototriton (Nototriton) picadoiDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 141.

English Names

La Estrella Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32).

Picado's Moss Salamander (Kubicki, Reyes, and Arias, 2022, Zootaxa, 5194: 489).

Matama Moss Salamander (Nototriton matama:  Boza-Oviedo, Rovito, Chaves, García-Rodríguez, Artavia, Bolaños, and Wake, 2012, Zootaxa, 3309: 48, no longer recognized).

Distribution

Caribbean slopes of extreme eastern portion of the Cordillera Volcánica Central, specifically along the eastern flank of the Turrialba Volcano into the northern and eastern sections of the Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica, 900–2200 m elevation.

Comment

See comment under Nototriton abscondens and account by Good and Wake, 1993, Herpetol. Monogr., 7: 140–141. See accounts by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 143–144 (as Nototriton major and Nototriton picadoi). See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 639. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 76–80, compared this species (as nominal Nototriton picadoi, Nototriton major, and Nototriton matama) with others from Central America and provided maps and photographs. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 365–367, provided brief accounts, photographs, and range maps for nominal Nototriton matama, Nototriton major, and Nototriton picadoi. Comparative morphology, molecular markers, and a dot map provided by Kubicki, Reyes, and Arias, 2022, Zootaxa, 5194: 451–496, as part of their revision of the genus. 

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