Nototriton Wake and Elias, 1983

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Nototriton
22 species

Nototriton Wake and Elias, 1983, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 345: 11. Type species: Spelerpes picadoi Stejneger, 1911, by original designation.

Bryotriton Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161. Type species. Oedipus barbouri Schmidt, 1936, by original designation. Coined as a subgenus of Nototriton.

Taylorotriton  Kubicki, Reyes, and Arias, 2022, Zootaxa, 5194: 469. Type species: Parvimolge richardi Taylor, 1949, by original designation. Coined as a subgenus of Nototriton

English Names

Moss Salamanders (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 12; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32).


Central Costa Rica through north-central to western Honduras to eastern Guatemala.


Formerly part of the Chiropterotriton picadoi group of the Chiropterotriton beta section of Wake and Lynch, 1976, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 25: 1–65. Good and Wake, 1993, Herpetol. Monogr., 7: 138–159, provided a discussion for the Costa Rican members of this genus and a discussion of relationships (as including Cryptotriton). Papenfuss and Wake, 1987, Acta Zool. Mexicana, N.S., 21: 1-16, and Campbell and Smith, 1998, Sci. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas, 6: 1–8, discussed species groups and morphological adaptations (as including Cryptotriton). See García-París and Wake, 2000, Copeia, 2000: 42–70, for discussion of phylogenetics. See comments under the Cryptotriton account. Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 139–145, provided accounts and a key to the species of Costa Rica and recognized three species groups: Nototriton barbouri group (Nototriton barbouri, Nototriton brodiei, Nototriton lignocola, Nototriton limnospectator, Nototriton stuarti); Nototriton picadoi group (Nototriton abscondens, Nototriton gamezi, Nototriton guanacaste, Nototriton major, Nototriton picadoi); Nototriton richardi group (Nototriton richardi, Nototriton tapanti). Wiens, Parra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2007, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, Biol. Sci., 274: 918–928, provided a phylogenetic placement of Nototriton as well as a relative phylogeny for six of its species. Townsend, Butler, Wilson, and Austin, 2010, Zootaxa, 2434: 1–16, discussed molecular phylogenetics of the group with particular reference to the placement of Nototriton tomamorum. In the tribe Bolitoglossini of Vieites, Nieto-Roman, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 633. Townsend, Medina-Flores, Murillo, and Austin, 2011, Syst. Biodiversity, 9: : 275–287, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of the Honduran species. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 76–80, provided a brief summary of natural history, a key to the species of Central America, and range maps and photographs of the species. Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161, recognized two mutually monophyletic subgenera, Nototriton and Bryotriton. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 365–371, provided brief accounts for the species, photographs, and range map. Townsend, 2016, Zootaxa, 4196: 511–528, reported on molecular phylogenetics. Kubicki, Reyes, and Arias, 2022, Zootaxa, 5194: 451–496, revised the genus, providing comparative morphology, morphometrics, a molecular tree, new species, and taxonomic recognition of three subgenera. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 875–887, provided species accounts summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including polygon maps). 


Contained taxa (22 sp.):

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