Desmognathus apalachicolae Means and Karlin, 1989

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Desmognathus > Species: Desmognathus apalachicolae

Desmognathus apalachicolae Means and Karlin, 1989, Herpetologica, 45: 38. Holotype: USNM 269079, by original designation. Type locality: "Big Sweetwater Creek steephead . . ., 60 m elevation, in SE 1/4 Section 11, Township 1 N, Range 7 W, Liberty 7 W, Liberty County, Florida", USA.

Desmognathus (Desmognathus) apalachicolaeDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 145. See comment under Desmognathus regarding the status of these subgenera. 

English Names

Apalachicola Dusky Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 6; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 20; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 16; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 11; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 25; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 41; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 25).


Southwestern Georgia, southeastern Alabama and south to the Apalachicola region of northwestern Florida, USA.


Most closely related to Desmognathus ochrophaeus according to the original publication. See detailed accounts by Means, 1993, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 556: 1–2, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 162–164. Graham, Timpe, and Giovanetto, 2008, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 494–495, provided a specific locality for Piedmont region of Georgia, USA. Beamer and Lamb, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 47: 143–153, reported on phylogenetics of Desmognathus on the Gulf Coastal Plain and redelimited the species and its range. Means, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 698–699, provided an account containing a detailed summary of the literature and range. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 425, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 105–106, provided an account of larval morphology. Pyron, O'Connell, Lemmon, Lemmon, and Beamer, 2022, Ecol. Evol., 12 (2: e8574): 1–38, provided molecular evidence that Desmognathus apalachicolae is a single lineage-species. Pyron and Beamer, 2022, Zootaxa, 5190: 207–240, discussed mtDNA, nuDNA, and morphological evidence of relationship and transferred the nominal populations of northeastern Georgia to Desmognathus ocoee.   

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