Desmognathus brimleyorum Stejneger, 1895

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Desmognathus > Species: Desmognathus brimleyorum

Desmognathus brimleyorum Stejneger, 1895, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 17: 597. Holotype: USNM 22157, according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 11. Type locality: "Hot Springs, [Garland County,] Ark[ansas].", USA.

Desmognathus fuscus brimleyorumDunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 101.

Desmognathus brimleyorumValentine, 1963, Copeia, 1963: 130.

Desmognathus (Hydrognathus) brimleyorumDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 145. See comment under Desmognathus regarding the status of the subgenus. 

Desmognathus (Desmognatus) brimleyorum — Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 1003.

English Names

Brimley's Salamander (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 196).

Brimley's Dusky Salamander (Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 29).

Central Dusk Salamander (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 219).

Ouachita Dusky Salamander (Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 264; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 5; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 6; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 20; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 16; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 11; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 25; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 43; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 25).


Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas and Oklahoma, USA.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: United States of America, United States of America - Arkansas, United States of America - Oklahoma

Endemic: United States of America


See Karlin, Guttman, and Means, 1993, Southwest. Nat., 38: 36–42, for geographic variation in allozymes among populations on either side of the Mena Valley, and Valentine, 1963, Copeia, 1963: 130–139, for discussion of confusion in the application of the name. Detailed accounts provided by Means, 1999, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 682: 1–4, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 167–169. Means, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 701–703, provided an account containing a detailed summary of the literature and range. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 433, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 102–103, provided an account of larval morphology. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 1003–1004, provided an account summarizing systematics, morphology, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). Tighe, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 654: 27, noted the current location of paratypes.  

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