Desmognathus ochrophaeus Cope, 1859

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Desmognathus > Species: Desmognathus ochrophaeus

Desmognathus ochrophaea Cope, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 11: 124. Type(s): Formerly ANSP, listed by Dunn, 1917, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 53: 415, as destroyed. Type locality: "Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania", USA.

Plethodon ochrophaeusSmith, 1877, Tailed Amph.: 71.

Desmognathus ochrophaeusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 77.

Desmognathus ochrophaea ochrophaeaDunn, 1917, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 53: 415.

Desmognathus ochrophaeus ochrophaeusStejneger and Barbour, 1917, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept.: 22.

Desmognathus fuscus ochrophaeusDunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 114.

Desmognathus ochrophaeus ochrophaeusBishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 199.

Desmognathus (Desmognathus) ochrophaeusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 144. See comment under Desmognathus record regarding the status of this subgenus. 

English Names

Triton (Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 22).

Yellow Desmognath (Jordan, 1878, Man. Vert. North. U.S., Ed. 2: 192).

Gray Salamander (Rhoads, 1895, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 47: 400).

Yellow Salamander (Brimley, 1907, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc., 23: 154).

Allegheny Mountains Salamander (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 199).

Allegheny Mountain Salamander (Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 30; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174).

Mountain Dusky Salamander (Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 266; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 5; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31).

Allegheny Dusky Salamander (Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 6; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 12).

Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander (Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 21; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 16; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 25; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 48; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 26).


Brumley, Clinch, Walker, and Potts mountains of southwestern Virginia, USA; the Cumberland Mountains and Plateau of southeastern Kentucky, USA; the Allegheny Mountains and Plateau of West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and New York, USA, through the Adirondack Mountains to southern Quebec, Canada.


See detailed accounts by Tilley, 1973, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 129: 1–4 (written before the recognition of Desmognathus abditus, Desmognathus carolinensis, Desmognathus orestes, or Desmognathus ocoee), and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 192–196 (before recognition of Desmognathus abditus).. Karlin and Guttman, 1981, Copeia, 1981: 371–377, reported on hybridization with Desmognathus fuscus in northeastern Ohio and northwestern Pennsylvania, USA. Lazell, 2009, Herpetol. Rev., 7: 122, provided a record for Vermont. Tilley and Mahoney, 1996, Herpetol. Monogr., 10: 25, noted that populations associated with this nominal species from Tennessee might represent a distinct species. Tilley, 1997, J. Heredity, 88: 305–315, discussed the small amount of genetic differentiation in this species. Populations from the Cumberland Plateau of Tennessee were transferred to Desmognathus abditus by Anderson and Tilley, 2003, Herpetol. Monogr., 17: 75–110. Pauley and Watson, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 716–719, provided an account containing a detailed summary of the literature and range. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 422, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 105–106, provided an account of larval morphology.  

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