Phaeognathus hubrichti Highton, 1961

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Phaeognathus > Species: Phaeognathus hubrichti

Phaeognathus hubrichti Highton, 1961, Copeia, 1961: 67. Holotype: USNM 142486, by original designation. Type locality: "three miles (4. 8 km) northwest of McKenzie on U.S. Route 31, Butler County, Alabama", USA.

English Names

Red Hills Salamander (Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 271; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 7; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 8; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 25; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 20; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 13; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 29; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 74 Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 30).


Wooded Alabama Coastal Plain (Wilcox, Covington, Butler, Crenshaw, Monroe, and Conecuh counties), southern edge of the Red Hills region, USA.


Reviewed by Brandon, 1966, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 26: 1-2. Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 216, noted that two groups were identifiable through electrophoretic data. Schwaner and Mount, 1970, Copeia, 1970: 571-573, and Bailey and Miller, 2006, Herpetol. Rev., 37: 357, provided range extensions and discussed the range. Dodd, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 785–787, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 582. Fisher-Reid and Wiens, 2011, BMC Evol. Biol., 11 (300): 1-20, discussed discordance of mtDNA and nuDNA datasets in Plethodon, which largely confirmed earlier work. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 435, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

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