Plethodon idahoensis Slater and Slipp, 1940

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Plethodon > Species: Plethodon idahoensis

Plethodon idahoensis Slater and Slipp, 1940, Occas. Pap. Dept. Biol. Puget Sound, 8: 38. Holotype: USNM 110504, by original designation. Type locality: "Northeast corner of Coeur d'Alene Lake, Kootenai County, Idaho; elevation about 2160 feet".

Plethodon vandykei idahoensisLowe, 1950, Copeia, 1950: 93; Nussbaum, Brodie, and Storm, 1983, Amph. Rept. Pacific Northwest: 107; Stebbins, 1985, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 2: 46.

Plethodon idahoensisHighton and Larson, 1979, Syst. Zool., 28: 587; Collins, 1991, Herpetol. Rev., 22: 43; Howard, Seeb, and Wallace, 1993, Herpetologica, 49: 238.

Plethodon (Hightonia) idahoensisVieites, Nieto-Roman, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 632.

English Names

Coeur d'Alene Salamander (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 259; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 39; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 42; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 8; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 27; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 172; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 14; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 29; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 31).


Selway River drainage of northern Idaho and the Bitterroot River drainage of extreme western Montana; in Canada in the Duncan and Columbia River drainages of southeastern British Columbia.


In the Plethodon vandykei group of Highton and Larson, 1979, Syst. Zool., 28: 579–599. See account (as Plethodon vandykei idahoensis) by Brodie and Storm, 1970, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 91: 1–2, and (as Plethodon idahoensis) by Wilson and Ohanjanian, 2002, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 741: 1–4, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 365–367. See Howard, Seeb, and Wallace, 1993, Herpetologica, 49: 238–247, for geographic genic variation. See Wilson and Larsen, 1999, Am. Midl. Nat., 141: 266–276, for morphometric comparison with Plethodon vandykei. Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 172, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Carstens, Stevenson, Degenhardt, and Sullivan, 2004, Syst. Biol., 53: 781–794, reported on phylogeography of this species. Lohman, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 815–816, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 409, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Pelletier, Crisafulli, Wagner, Zellmer, and Carstens, 2015, Syst. Biol., 64: 909–925, provided a study of historical species distributions and suggested that this nominal species is composed of two independently evolving lineages. 


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