Plethodon richmondi Netting and Mittleman, 1938

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Plethodon > Species: Plethodon richmondi

Plethodon richmondi Netting and Mittleman, 1938, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 27: 288. Holotype: CM 14189, by original designation. Type locality: "Ritter Park, Huntington, Cabell County, West Virginia, at an elevation of 600-700 feet", USA.

Plethodon richmondi richmondiHighton and Grobman, 1956, Herpetologica, 12: 187.

Plethodon richmondi popei Highton and Grobman, 1956, Herpetologica, 12: 187. Holotype: UF 8226, by original designation. Type locality: "Comers Rock, Grayson-Wythe County line, Virginia", USA. Status rejected by Highton, 1962, Bull. Florida State Mus., Biol. Sci., 6: 305.

Plethodon (Plethodon) richmondiVieites, Nieto-Roman, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 632, by implication.

English Names

Ravine Salamander (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 272; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 37; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 274; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 8; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 33; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 9).

Southern Ravine Salamander (Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 28; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 14; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 30; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 32).

Southern Ravine Salamander (Plethodon richmondi popei [no longer recognized]: Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 232).


West Virginia west of the New and Kanawha rivers and south of the Teays River Valley, throughout eastern and north-central Kentucky, south to southwestern Virginia and the extremes of northwestern North Carolina and northeastern Tennessee, USA.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: United States of America, United States of America - Kentucky, United States of America - North Carolina, United States of America - Tennessee, United States of America - Virginia, United States of America - West Virginia

Endemic: United States of America


In the Plethodon cinereus group of Highton and Larson, 1979, Syst. Zool., 28: 579–599. See Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 392–395, and Regester, 2000, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 707: 1–3, for accounts. Pauley and Watson, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 835–837, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 390, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 894–895, provided an account summarizing morphology, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). Tighe, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 654: 50, briefly discussed current location of paratypes of Plethodon richmondi.

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