Plethodon serratus Grobman, 1944

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Plethodon > Species: Plethodon serratus

Plethodon cinereus serratus Grobman, 1944, Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 45: 306. Holotype: FMNH 39464, by original designation. Type locality: "Rich Mountain, Polk County, Arkansas [USA], at an altitude of 2500 feet".

Plethodon cinereus polycentratus Highton and Grobman, 1956, Herpetologica, 12: 185. Holotype: UF 8376, by original designation. Type locality: "2 miles northeast of Palmetto, Fulton County, Georgia", USA. Synonymy by Highton and Webster, 1976, Evolution, 30: 42.

Plethodon serratusHighton and Webster, 1976, Evolution, 30: 40.

Plethodon (Plethodon) serratusVieites, Nieto-Roman, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 632, by implication.

English Names

Ouachita Red-backed Salamander (Plethodon serratus: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 34; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 273).

Southern Redback Salamander (Plethodon serratus: Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 8; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 33; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 9; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 14).

Southern Red-backed Salamander (Plethodon serratus: Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 28; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 30; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 32).

Georgia Red-backed Salamander (Plethodon cinereus polycentratus [no longer recognized]: Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 230; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 273).


Widely disjunct populations: central Louisiana; the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas and Oklahoma; central and southeastern Missouri (excluding the boot heel); southeastern Tennessee, southwestern North Carolina, and west-central Georgia and adjacent eastern Alabama, USA; one old record from Fern Lake, Nacogdoches County, East Texas, USA, but not recollected there in over 70 years. 


In the Plethodon cinereus group of Highton and Larson, 1979, Syst. Zool., 28: 579–599. See accounts by Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 395–397, and Highton, 1986, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 394: 1–2. Dixon, 2000, Amph. Rept. Texas, Ed. 2: 58, discussed the old Texas record. Beamer and Lannoo, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 838–840, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 389, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Newman and Austin, 2015, PLoS One, 10(7: e0130131): 1–19, and Thesing, Noyes, Starkey, and Shepard, 2016, Evol. Ecol., 30: 89–104, reported on Pleistocene climatic fluxuations and complex phylogeographic structure within the species and among the five geographic isolates. Shew and Holt, 2018, Herpetol. Rev., 49: 281, provided the second record from Alabama, USA, from DeKalb County. 

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