Plethodon shenandoah Highton and Worthington, 1967

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Plethodon > Species: Plethodon shenandoah

Plethodon richmondi shenandoah Highton and Worthington, 1967, Copeia, 1967: 617. Holotype: USNM 157379, by original designation. Type locality: "Appalachian Trail 0.02 mile northeast of its junction with Naked Top Mountain Trail, 0.4 air mile west of the top of Hawksbill Mountain, Shenandoah National Park, Page County, Virginia, [USA] 3650 ft elevation".

Plethodon nettingi shenandoahHighton, 1972 "1971", Res. Div. Monogr. Virginia Polytech. Inst. State Univ., 4: 151.

Plethodon shenandoahHighton and Larson, 1979, Syst. Zool., 28: 587.

Plethodon (Plethodon) shenandoahVieites, Nieto-Roman, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 632, by implication.

English Names

Shenandoah Salamander (Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 8; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 33; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 9; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 28; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 14; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 30; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 32).


Shenandoah National Park, Page and Madison counties, Virginia, USA, 900–1143 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: United States of America, United States of America - Virginia

Endemic: United States of America, United States of America - Virginia


In the Plethodon cinereus group of Highton and Larson, 1979, Syst. Zool., 28: 579-599. See accounts by Highton, 1988, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 413: 1–2, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 397–399. Sites, Morando, Highton, Huber, and Jung, 2004, J. Herpetol., 38: 96–105, on the basis of molecular evidence rejected range extensions in Virginia by Thurow, 1999, Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc., 34: 269–273, as based on specimens assignable to Plethodon cinereus. Mitchell, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 840–841, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 584. Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 215, reported the species as introduced into Illinois, USA, but this apparently is in error. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 391, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 897–898, provided an account summarizing morphology, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map).

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