Plethodon yonahlossee Dunn, 1917

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Plethodon > Species: Plethodon yonahlossee

Plethodon yonahlossee Dunn, 1917, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 37: 598. Holotype: AMNH 4634, by original designation. Type locality: "near the Yonahlossee Road about 1 1/2 miles from Linville, N.C. [Avery County, North Carolina], altitude 4200 feet", USA.

Plethodon longicrus Adler and Dennis, 1962, Spec. Publ. Ohio Herpetol. Soc., 4: 1. Holotype: USNM 145658, by original designation. Type locality: "The northeast slope of Bluerock Mountain, below the Bat Caves, Rutherford County, North Carolina, approximately 0.8 miles ESE of Bat Cave (city), at an elevation of about 1645 feet above sea level". Synonymy by Guttman, Karlin, and Labanick, 1978, J. Herpetol., 12: 445.

Plethodon (Plethodon) yonahlosseeVieites, Nieto-Roman, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 632, by implication.

English Names

Yonahlossee Salamander (Plethodon yonahlossee: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 287; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 38; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 278; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 8; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 33; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 9; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 29; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 14; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 30; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 32).

Crevice Salamander (Plethodon longicrus [no longer recognized]: Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 279; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 8).


Blue Ridge Mountains of western North Carolina, southwestern Virginia, and northeastern Tennessee, USA.


In the Plethodon glutinosus group of Highton and Larson, 1979, Syst. Zool., 28: 579–599. See detailed accounts by Pope, 1965, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 15: 1–2, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 414–416. See Highton, 1972 "1971", Res. Div. Monogr. Virginia Polytech. Inst. State Univ., 4: 172. Beamer and Lannoo, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 856–858, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. Wiens, Engstrom, and Chippindale, 2006, Evolution, 60: 2585–2603, recognized Plethodon longicrus, but Highton, Hastings, Palmer, Watts, Hass, Culver, and Arnold, 2012, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 63: 278–290, discussed the evidence and returned it to synonymy. Moskwik, 2014, J. Biogeograph., 41: 1957–1966, documented in this species significant elevational range changes since the 1940s. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 395–396, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

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