Cynops orientalis (David, 1873)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Cynops > Species: Cynops orientalis

Triton (Cynops) orientalis David, 1873 "1872", J. N. China Branch R. Asiat. Soc., N.S., 7: 226. Syntypes: Not stated; MNHNP 4763 (2 specimens) and 8120-21, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 9. MNHNP 8120-21 rejected as types by Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 51, who discussed types and considered only MNHNP 4763 (2 specimens) to be syntypes. Type locality: "Tchékiang", Zhejiang, China; given as "Chüchow, Chekiang", China by Gee and Boring, 1929, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 4: 18; given as Tche-san, near Chuchowfu, Chekiang [= Zhejiang] Province, China by Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 43, and Brame, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 608. Regarded as a nomen nudum by Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 337.

Triton pyrrhogaster orientalisWolterstorff, 1906, Zool. Anz., 30: 558.

Diemictylus orientalisStejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 20.

Triturus orientalisStejneger, 1925, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 66: 3. Pope, 1931, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 61: 431.

Cynops orientalisWolterstorff and Herre, 1935, Arch. Naturgesch., Leipzig, N. F., 4: 224.

Hypselotriton (Pingia) orientalisDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 65.

Cynops orientalis qianshan Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 599. Holotype: CIB 74II0751, by original designation. Type locality: "Yidu, Qianshan Co., (30° 37′ N, 116° 34′ E), Anhui Prov., China: altitude 600m". See corrigenda in Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 409. 

Hypselotriton (Cynotriton) orientalis — Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2011, Alytes, 27: 152. 

Hypselotriton (Cynotriton) orientalis orientalis —  Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 155. 

Hypselotriton (Cynotriton) orientalis qianshan —  Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 156. 

English Names

Chinese Dwarf Newt (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35).

Chinese Fire-bellied Newt (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 31).

Oriental Fire-bellied Newt (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 54).


East-central China, including Henan, southern Anhui, Henan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Guangxi, Fujian, eastern Hubei, and eastern Hunan.


See accounts by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China 103; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 54-56; and Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 315-318. Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 27-29, provided an account for Zhejiang. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 337-342, provided an account and range map. Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 127-128, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 100, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 124–125, provided an account, photographs, and map. Yuan, Jiang, Ding, Zhang, and Che, 2013, Asian Herpetol. Res., Ser. 2, 4: 116–123, reported on the molecular phylogenetics of this species.  Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 155–156, provided brief accounts by subspecies, photographs, and range map. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 190–192, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 406–410, provided accounts by subspecies, photographs, and range maps and noted that this is a member of the Cynops orientalis group. Shen, 2014, Fauna Hunan, Amph.: 83–88, provided an account for Hunan, China.     

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