Neurergus kaiseri Schmidt, 1952

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Neurergus > Species: Neurergus kaiseri

Neurergus crocatus kaiseri Schmidt, 1952, Nat. Hist. Misc., 93: 1. Holotype: ZMUC 03184, by original designation. Type locality: "Shah Bazan, Luristan, Iran", Zagros Mountains, 1200 meters, from 10 to 15 km south of the junction of the Ab-I-Cesar and Ab-I-Diz rivers. Museum records give locality as "Locality 70: 'Good Springs' 11km N of Shah Bazan, 8 km SW of junction with Ab-i-Diz and Ab-i-Cezar river" (personal commun., H. Kristensen, 24 Nov. 2010).

Neurergus crocatus kaiseriThorn, 1968, Salamand. Eur. Asie Afr. Nord: 273.

Neurergus kaiseriSchmidtler and Schmidtler, 1970, Senckenb. Biol., 51: 49; Schmidtler and Schmidtler, 1975, Salamandra, 11: 93.

Neurergus (Neurergus) kaiseriDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 54, 66.

English Names

Luristan Newt (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 32; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35).

Lorestan (Mountain) Newt (Baloutch and Kami, 1995, Amph. Iran: 96).

Kaiser's (Lorestan) Mountain Newt (Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 267).

Kaiser's Spotted Newt (Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 146). 

Kaiser's Mountain Newt (Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, and Niamir, 2023, Zootaxa, 5279: 41).


Southern Zagros Mountains, along the Lorestan–Khozestan border in southwestern Iran, 500 to 1500 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Iran

Endemic: Iran


Schmidt, 1955, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 117: 193-197, provided an augmented description. Schmidtler and Schmidtler, 1970, Senckenb. Biol., 51: 49, and Schmidtler and Schmidtler, 1975, Salamandra, 11: 93, showed Neurergus kaiseri to be a distinct species. Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 347, and Baloutch and Kami, 1995, Amph. Iran: 96-98, provided accounts. Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 119, provided a brief account, map, and photograph. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 604. Sharifi, Rastegar-Pouyani, Akmali, and Narenji, 2008, Russ. J. Herpetol., 15: 169-172, detailed the range and habitat. Özdemir, Üzüm, Avcı, and Olgun, 2009, Herpetologica, 65: 280-291, suggested that Neurergus kaiseri is the sister taxon of Neurergus microspilotusRaffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 141–142, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 260–262, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species. Khoshnamvand, Malekian, and Keivany, 2018, Basic & Appl. Herpetol., 32: 5–17, discussed the morphological distinctiveness of the different (and mostly unnamed) clades. Rancilhac, Goudarzi, Gehara, Hemami, Elmer, Vences, and Steinfartz, 2019, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 133: 189–197, discussed molecular phylogenetics within Neurergus and suggested that this species may contain unnamed lineages. Khoshnamvand, Malekian, Keivani, and Goudarzi, 2019, J. Wildl. Biodivers., Arak, 3(2): 11–17, discussed barcoding of populations, identifying a northern (Kerser, Daregol and Bozorgab) and a southern population (Vegenab, Mongare and Tove ) that are ecologically and genetically distinct, confirming the suppositions of Rancilhad et al. (2019). Khoshnamvand, Malekian, Keivany, Zamani-Faradonbe, and Amiri, 2019, Acta Herpetol., Firenze, 14: 51–56, described the osteology. Malekian, Khoshnamvand, and Keivany, 2019, Herpetol. J., 29: 237–244, discussed the morphological and genetic data in support of this nominal species being composed of at least two lineages. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 146, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 399–401, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, and Niamir, 2023, Zootaxa, 5279: 1–112, provided for Iran an identification key including this species, photographs, habitat and conservation threats, a review of the literature, discussion of nomenclature and systematics, as well as dot and modeled distribution maps. Hosseinian Yousefkani, Shafiei Bafti, Rezazadeh Mashizi, and Moeinadini, 2024, North-West. J. Zool., Romania, 20(e242501): 85–89, discussed the possible effects of climate change on the range in Iran and provided a current dot map for that country.  

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