Neurergus Cope, 1862

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Neurergus
6 species

Neurergus Cope, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 14: 343. Type species: Neurergus crocatus Cope, 1862, by monotypy.

Rhithrotriton Nesterov, 1916, Annu. Mus. Zool. Acad. Sci. Petrograd, 21: 1. Type species: Rhithrotriton derjugini Nesterov, 1916, by original designation. Synonymy by Nikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 196.

Musergus Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 54. Type species: Molge strauchii Steindachner, 1888, by original designation. Coined as a subgenus of Neurergus.

English Names

Kurdistan Newts (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35).


Anatolian Türkiye from Burdur in the west to Musch in the east; Kurdistan of northwestern Iran and northern Iraq; and the Zagros Mountains of Luristan, Iran.


Steinfartz, Hwang, Tautz, Öz, and Veith, 2002, Amphibia-Reptilia, 23: 419-431, discussed phylogeny based on molecular evidence. Weisrock, Papenfuss, Macey, Litvinchuk, Polymeni, Uğurtaş, Zhao, Jowkar, and Larson, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 41: 855-857, recovered Neurergus as the sister taxon of Ommatotriton. Steinfartz, Vicario, Arntzen, and Caccone, 2007, J. Exp. Zool., 308B: 139-142, suggested on the basis of DNA sequence evidence that Neurergus is the sister taxon of Ommatotriton. Özdemir, Üzüm, Avcı, and Olgun, 2009, Herpetologica, 65: 280-291, reported on phylogeography of the species in Türkiye. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 139–140, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 256–265, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species. Rancilhac, Goudarzi, Gehara, Hemami, Elmer, Vences, and Steinfartz, 2019, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 133: 189–197, discussed molecular phylogenetics of the species within the genus. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 393–405, provided species accounts, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map).

Contained taxa (6 sp.):

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.